Instructions for authors

General guidelines

Acta Gymnica does not charge any fees for the manuscript submission, processing or publication. All manuscripts submitted for consideration for publication in the Acta Gymnica journal (the Journal) must contain original material that has not previously been published, and is not currently under consideration for publication nor will be submitted elsewhere until the final decision has been made by the Journal. The manuscripts will be anonymously reviewed by at least two referees at the discretion of the Journal's editors. Manuscripts that were not prepared in the accordance with the Author Guidelines may be returned by the editors without undergoing a peer review. Papers are accepted only in English. Both British and American English is allowed, but its usage must be consistent throughout the whole paper. The length of an article should be 4,000 words or less (excluding the abstract, references, tables, and figure captions). The text of the manuscript and tables must be submitted in the Microsoft Word format. The maximum of 8 tables and/or figures is allowed in total. All experimental work involving human participants must conform to requirements stipulated in the Declaration of Helsinki and the manuscript must contain a statement that the research was approved by a recognized review board or ethics committee. If the manuscript contains any material (direct as well as derivative reproduction) for which the authors do not hold copyright, a written permission must be granted by the copyright owner prior to submission. The authors are solely responsible for any fees which the copyright holder may charge for reuse.

Manuscript submission

All manuscripts must be submitted using the online submission system. Authors are required to upload at least two separate files: (1) Manuscript submission form, (2) Manuscript file, and optionally (3) figures in graphic formats such as TIFF, EPS or CDR. To start a new submission, click on the link "Submit manuscript" in the left menu.

Manuscript submission form

Download the form in PDF format, fill in all the required information in Adobe Reader, print the form, ensure all the authors signed it, make a scanned copy of the signed form (PDF format), and upload it along with the manuscript:

 Manuscript submission form

Manuscript organization

The file with the manuscript must not contain any information that would identify its authors. The typical manuscript text will be structured as follows: full paper title, running title (no more than 65 characters including spaces), abstract, three to six keywords, the main text, references, tables and figures. The abstract will be structured as follows: Background, Objective, Methods, Results (including relevant statistics), and Conclusions. Its length should not exceed 300 words. The main text should be divided into sections such as Introduction, Methods (can be further divided into sections such as Participants, Procedures, Statistical analysis etc.), Results, Discussion, and Conclusion. The manuscript must be double-spaced with continuous line numbering and use Times New Roman font size 12 on paper size A4 or Letter with a 4 cm margin on the left side and 3 cm margins on other sides, pages must be numbered.

All submitting authors are strongly encouraged to work through the Submission checklist prior to the submission of their manuscript to ensure it is fully in accordance with the journal’s requirements:

 Submission checklist

General information

When reporting the results of statistical tests, report actual p values to two decimal places, not just whether they were above or below a certain threshold, i.e. write "p = .35" and not "p > .05" or "p = NS". Note that p cannot equal 0 or 1, if it is smaller than .001, report it as "p < .001", if greater than .99 (e.g. .995), use "p > .99". Results of statistical significance testing should be accompanied with metrics indicating practical significance, e.g. effect sizes or confidence intervals of difference/change. Another way of evaluating the effectiveness of an intervention is declaring the minimum practically (or clinically) important difference which expresses the smallest change in the principal outcome measure that must be achieved in order to consider the intervention to be effective. Specify the statistical software package(s) and versions used.
For all devices, software etc. mentioned in the manuscript, provide the product name, mark/version and manufacturer’s information. E.g. "... two force plates (Kistler 9287C; Kistler Group, Winterthur, Switzerland)" or "... using IBM SPSS Statistics (Version 23 for Windows; IBM, Armonk, NY, USA)".


References are cited and formatted in accordance with the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), published in 2010 (see The number of references must not exceed 45. The vast majority of references should comprise of studies published in scholar journals, please keep the number of other types of references (books, conference proceedings etc.) to 5 or less. Please minimize the number of references not published in English and generally avoid those without at least an English abstract.

How to cite references

Cite references using authors’ last names and a year of the publication, e.g. “Smith, Jones, and Brown (1999)” or when in parenthesis “(Smith, Jones, & Brown, 1999)”. If a cited reference has two authors, always use both author names. If it has three to five authors, list all the authors in the first citation and use only the first author followed by “et al.” in all subsequent ones. If it has six or more authors, always list only the first author followed by “et al.” If there is more than one citation in the parentheses, the citations will be listed in the same order as in the reference list.

Reference list

The reference list is placed at the end of the manuscript text. References will be listed in alphabetical order by authors’ last names. If there are two or more publications where all the authors are the same and in the same order, differentiate between such publications by adding a lowercase letter (starting with an “a”) after the year of the publication, e.g. “(1999a)”. Make sure that all references are correct, included only when they are cited in the text and all cited references are present in the reference list.

Only references which have been published or accepted for publication can be included. Please use full journal names and include the issue number only if the journal in question restarts page numbering in each of its issues. DOI codes are not required for all publications, only for online pre-publications. In titles of articles and book capitalize only the first word, the first word after a colon, and proper nouns. When listing a publisher, always list a city and include a two-letter state abbreviation for US cities, e.g. "Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics" or names of countries for cities outside the USA, e.g. "Olomouc, Czech Republic: Palacký University Olomouc".

If a cited reference was not written in English, add English translation of its title in the brackets after the original title (see examples below).

Examples of references:


  • Kraemer, W. J., & Häkkinen, K. (Eds.). (2002). Strength training for sport. Oxford, United Kingdom: Blackwell Scientific Publications.
  • Nordin, M., & Frankel, V. H. (2012). Basic biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • Vaverka, F. (1987). Biomechanika skoku na lyžích [Biomechanics of ski jumping]. Olomouc, Czech Republic: Palacký University Olomouc.

Book chapters or papers published in conference proceedings

  • Baechle, T. R., Earle, R. W., & Wathan, D. (2008). Resistance training. In T. R. Baechle & R. W. Earle (Eds.), Essentials of strength training and conditioning (3rd ed., pp. 381–412). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
  • Janura, M., Wilder, V., Vaverka, F., Svoboda, Z., & Kozáková, D. (2006). Kinematic analysis of 100m hurdle race in fire sport. In H. Schwameder, G. Strutzenberger, V. Fastenbauer, S. Lindinger, & E. Müller (Eds.), Proceedings of the XXIV International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports (Vol. 1, pp. 244–247). Salzburg, Austria: University of Salzburg.

Printed journals

  • Hůlka, K., Cuberek, R., & Bělka, J. (2013). Heart rate and time-motion analyses in top junior players during basketball matches. Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 43(3), 27–35.
  • Zaatar, A. M., & Opavský, J. (2013). Hodnocení svalové aktivace povrchovou elektromyografií u pacientů s Parkinsonovou nemocí při postavení na jednu dolní končetinu [The assessment of muscle activation with the use of surface electromyography in patients with Parkinson’s disease during a unipedal standing test]. Rehabilitace a fyzikální lékařství, 20, 189–195.

Online journals and web pages

  • Krupa, T. (2014). When to use author initials for text citations. Retrieved from
  • van den Berg, M. H., Schoones, J. W., & Vliet Vlieland, T. P. M. (2007). Internet-based physical activity interventions: A systematic review of the literature. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 9(3), e26. doi:10.2196/jmir.9.3.e26


Tables will not be placed in the manuscript text; instead they will be compiled at the end of the manuscript, each table on a separate page. Tables must be submitted in Microsoft Word format, inserted as a word processor table and not for example as text separated by spaces, as a Microsoft Excel object or as a picture. All tables must be cited in the text, have a brief and descriptive caption and be numbered in Arabic numbers in the order they were cited. Do not use any shading, colors or vertical lines and use horizontal lines only around column headings and below the last row of the table.


Figures will not be placed in the manuscript text; instead they will be placed after the tables at the end of the manuscript, each on a separate page. If the figures were not prepared in MS Office, please also upload them along with the manuscript as separate files in the graphical format such as EPS, TIFF, CDR, AI etc.

Create figures in size in which you would like them printed and keep them as compact as possible while still being easy to understand. Letters, numbers and symbols should have a font size between 7 and 12 points and lines should be at least 0.2 mm thick. Please keep in mind that the Journal is printed in black and white and do not rely on colors to differentiate between symbols or series in your charts and graphs. All figures must be cited in the text, have a brief and descriptive caption and be numbered with Arabic numbers in the order they were cited.

Copy editing

Accepted manuscripts will be copy edited for clarity, syntax, grammar, consistency, and conformity with the Journal style. The editorial office will contact you with questions about your manuscript.

Page proof

Page proof will be sent by e-mail in PDF format to the corresponding author. Authors should pay careful attention to the proof as they are responsible for the published manuscript, including any changes made by the copy editor. The proof should be corrected by annotations to the PDF and returned to the editorial office by the indicated date. Modifications to the proof should be limited to minor and typographical errors only.

Copyright notice

Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License ( that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.