Acta Gymnica, 2017 (vol. 47), issue 4

The effect of 8 weeks of whole body vibration training on static balance and explosive strength of lower limbs in physical education students

George Dallas, Alexandros Mavvidis, Paschalis Kirialanis, Sotiris Papouliakos

Acta Gymnica 2017, 47(4):153-160

Background: It has been shown that whole body vibration training has an effect on strength and balance in athletes of various sports.Objective: The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of 8 weeks of Whole Body Vibration (WBV) training on static balance and explosive strength of the lower limbs, using two different training intensities vibration protocols.Methods: Eighty-three physical education students (age 19.39 ± 2.35 years) volunteered to participate in an 8-week WBV training. They were randomly divided into two groups with 30 sec and 60 sec duration of vibration exposure per exercise, total volume of...

Heart rate variability recovery after a skyrunning marathon and correlates of performance

Michaela Mertová, Michal Botek, Jakub Krejčí, Andrew J. McKune

Acta Gymnica 2017, 47(4):161-170

Background: It is well known that vigorous physical activity induces functional changes in cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity that is sustained several hours after exercise. However, data related to ANS recovery after more extreme endurance events, such as skyrunning marathons, are still lacking. Objective: The aims of this prospective cohort study were firstly, to determine the ANS response to a SkyMarathon, and secondly, to examine correlates of run performance. Methods: Ten male skyrunners aged 37.2 ± 9.2 years were recruited. The race was performed at a mean intensity 85.4 ± 3.7% of heart rate reserve,...

Attitudes of teachers towards inclusion of students with disabilities in physical education: Validity of the ATIPDPE-R instrument in Polish cultural context

Monika Cyran, Martin Kudláček, Martin Block, Iwona Malinowska-Lipień, Joanna Zyznawska

Acta Gymnica 2017, 47(4):171-179

Background: Following the inclusion of children with disabilities in mainstream schools worldwide, legislative changes have recently been introduced in Poland, facilitating educational inclusion of individuals with disabilities. However, practical implementation still requires further action. Attitudes are a major determinant of teachers' behavior. Therefore, based on the Theory of Planned Behavior, the instrument Attitudes Toward Teaching Individuals with Physical Disabilities in Physical Education (ATIPDPE) has been developed, and adapted to cultural contexts in several countries (e.g. South Africa, Slovenia, and Greece). Objectives: The aim of this...

Respiratory muscle strength in children with mild bronchial asthma disease

Kateřina Neumannová, Zuzana Kováčiková, Jakub Zatloukal, Milan Elfmark, Jana Rydlová, Miroslav Janura

Acta Gymnica 2017, 47(4):180-186

Background: Respiratory muscle strength can be decreased in patients with asthma; however, it is not well-documented whether a mild bronchial asthma disease can affect respiratory muscle strength in children and can be associated with higher presence of breathing difficulties. Objective: The main aim of the present study was to compare respiratory muscle strength between children with asthma and age-matched healthy children. The next aim of this study was to assess the incidence of decreased respiratory muscle strength in children with asthma and healthy children and assess the effect of decreased respiratory muscle strength on the incidence of breathing...

Differences in morphological parameters of judo athletes of different age groups and performance level

Miloą ©tefanovský, Stanislav Kraček, Iµja Číľ, Karin Czibulová

Acta Gymnica 2017, 47(4):187-192

Background: Some studies have pointed out the influence of morphological parameters on judo performance, however the relationship between morphological variables and performance status have not yet been confirmed. In addition, there is a lack of studies focused on morphological comparison of different age categories. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess differences in the morphological parameters of judo athletes of different age and performance level. Methods: The research sample was composed of 47 male judokas (age 19.15 ± 2.93 years; body weight 77.16 ± 11.39 kg; height 178.91 ± 6.39...

Fundamental motor skills of Czech children at the end of the preschool period

Jakub Kokątejn, Martin Musálek, Petr ©»astný, Artur Golas

Acta Gymnica 2017, 47(4):193-200

Background: Achievement of a sufficient fundamental motor skills (FMS) level by the end of the preschool period is an important premise for the later participation of children in many sports activities. However, only a few studies have focused on the assessment of motor proficiency before entrance to elementary school in the population of preschool children in the Czech Republic. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the FMS of Czech boys and girls at the end of the preschool period. Methods: The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-second version (MABC-2) was used to assess the motor performance of the children in different domains, i.e.,...