Acta Gymnica, 2018 (vol. 48), issue 1

Acta Gymnica 2018, 48(1):27-35 | DOI: 10.5507/ag.2018.005

The examination of the psychometric properties of the Turkish Collective Efficacy Questionnaire for Sports

Erman Öncü1, Deborah L. Feltz2, Cathy D. Lirgg3, Bülent Gürbüz4
1 School of Physical Education and Sport, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey;
2 College of Education, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA;
3 College of Education and Health Professions, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA; and
4 Faculty of Sport Science, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey

Background: Current research has demonstrated a consistent and positive relationship between collective efficacy and group performance in organizational settings, including sports. However, there is still a need for the development of scales measuring this relationship in order to clarify the scientific shortcomings.

Objective: The current study analyzed the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Collective Efficacy Questionnaire for Sports (T-CEQS).

Methods: The sample consisted of 522 college-age student-athletes (176 women, 346 men) from different universities in Turkey with a mean age of 21.40 years (SD = 2.11). The CEQS consists of 20 items, with five subscales. A confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the factor structure. Pearson's product-moment coefficients were used to assess the correlations between the CEQS factors and the Collective Self-Efficacy Scale (CES). Cronbach's alphas were calculated for the subscales in order to evaluate their internal consistency.

Results: The results confirm the 5-factor internal structure of the T-CEQS. The results of the correlation analysis between the T-CEQS subscales and the CES indicated significant and positive relationships. We also found acceptable values of the alpha coefficient (between .70 and .85), which confirms the T-CEQS as a reliable instrument.

Conclusions: The T-CEQS is a relatively short questionnaire that allows researchers to measure team efficacy beliefs across sports. It also is a multidimensional state measure, based on current capabilities, not potential capabilities or expected future capabilities. The present findings provide preliminary support for the utility of the T-CEQS as a measure for assessing collective efficacy in Turkish sport teams prior to competitions.

Keywords: efficacy belief, team confidence, team sports, measurement, scale development

Received: November 10, 2017; Accepted: March 10, 2018; Prepublished online: March 26, 2018; Published: March 31, 2018Show citation

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Öncü, E., Feltz, D.L., Lirgg, C.D., & Gürbüz, B. (2018). The examination of the psychometric properties of the Turkish Collective Efficacy Questionnaire for Sports. Acta Gymnica48(1), 27-35. doi: 10.5507/ag.2018.005.
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