Acta Gymnica, 2017 (vol. 47), issue 4

Acta Gymnica 2017, 47(4):187-192

Differences in morphological parameters of judo athletes of different age groups and performance level

Miloą ©tefanovský, Stanislav Kraček, Iµja Číľ, Karin Czibulová
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Comenius University in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia

Background: Some studies have pointed out the influence of morphological parameters on judo performance, however the relationship between morphological variables and performance status have not yet been confirmed. In addition, there is a lack of studies focused on morphological comparison of different age categories.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess differences in the morphological parameters of judo athletes of different age and performance level.

Methods: The research sample was composed of 47 male judokas (age 19.15 ± 2.93 years; body weight 77.16 ± 11.39 kg; height 178.91 ± 6.39 cm; sport age 11.47 ± 2.74 years). It was divided by: (1) age, into cadets (15-17 years, n = 19), juniors (18-20 years, n = 15), and seniors (21+ years, n = 13) category and (2) performance status (elite, n = 10; non-elite, n = 37). In all participants, body fat, and the circumference measurement of wrist, forearm, flexed arm, and calf were observed. A personal interview was used to gain information about the athlete's performance status.

Results: We found out that there are significant differences in arm circumference between cadets and seniors, cadets and juniors, juniors and seniors; and in the circumference of forearm between cadets and seniors; cadets and juniors, as well. According to the performance status, we have discovered significantly higher circumference of forearm and wrist in the elite group compared to the non-elite group.

Conclusion: Forearm and wrist circumference is a reliable discriminative factor and should be taken into consideration, especially when selecting judo athletes into elite teams. However, we did not confirm that subcutaneous fat is a parameter able to distinguish between judo athletes of different performance status across various age categories.

Keywords: body fat, circumference measurement, elite, non-elite judokas

Received: September 18, 2017; Accepted: December 14, 2017; Prepublished online: December 27, 2017; Published: December 31, 2017Show citation

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©tefanovský, M., Kraček, S., Číľ, I., & Czibulová, K. (2017). Differences in morphological parameters of judo athletes of different age groups and performance level. Acta Gymnica47(4), 187-192.
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