Acta Gymnica, 2014 (vol. 44), issue 4

Self-esteem and intentions mediates perceived fitness with physical activity in Finnish adolescents with long-term illness or disabilities

Kwok Ng, Raili Välimaa, Pauli Rintala, Jorma Tynjälä, Jari Villberg, Lasse Kannas

Acta Gymnica 2014, 44(4):185-192 | 10.5507/ag.2014.019

Background: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is recognised as the common language in disability research. However, personal factors in the ICF are not explicitly coded because of cultural differences that influence physical activity (PA) participation. The ICF suggests using fitness as a personal factor, as well as other psychological assets. Intentions may serve as such psychological assets and studies on the antecedents to intentions which prompts PA behaviours is lacking in adolescent long term illness or disability (LTID) populations. Objective: The purpose of this study was to report how...

Deaf-blindness: Voices of mothers concerning leisure-time physical activity and coping with disability

Dana Štěrbová, Martin Kudláček

Acta Gymnica 2014, 44(4):193-201 | 10.5507/ag.2014.020

Background: Deaf-blindness (DB) is a distinct disability because of combined impairments of hearing and visual functions, causes severe difficulties in the psychosocial area, communication, social interaction, and interaction with the environment. Leisure-time physical activities (LTPA) properly planned and executed can be beneficial in providing support and facilitating coping as strategy for managing stress in families of children with disabilities. Appropriate LTPA also influence the quality of the lives of people with DB. Our study was also based on coping theory. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the beliefs of...

Screen-based behaviour in Czech adolescents is more prevalent at weekends

Zdenek Hamrik, Michal Kalman, Dagmar Sigmundová, Jan Pavelka, Ferdinand Salonna

Acta Gymnica 2014, 44(4):203-209 | 10.5507/ag.2014.021

Background: One of the main reasons for recent scientific interest in screen-based behaviour (SB) is the relationship between SB and risk of being overweight or obese. The primary mechanism for overweight and obesity is an imbalance of energy intake versus energy expenditure and one reason for the interest in SB is its association with reduced energy expenditure relative to other activities. Objective: The aim of this study is to provide a basic overview of the level and structure of SB in Czech adolescents on the basis of age and gender while taking into account the differences between weekday and weekend screen based activities. Methods: Data from...

Attitudes of preservice physical educators toward individuals with disabilities at University Parthenope of Napoli

Marco Di Nardo, Martin Kudláček, Domenico Tafuri, Jana Sklenaříková

Acta Gymnica 2014, 44(4):211-221 | 10.5507/ag.2014.022

Background: Inclusion refers to the notion that all students, regardless of disability (mild or severe), will be taught in regular education classes even if special resources are needed. Attitudes about inclusion are extremely complex and vary from country to country and school to school. One of the factors influencing the effective implementation of inclusion is the teacher's attitudes. The latest results from literature show that attitudes toward people with disabilities are changing in a positive direction over the last few decades. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an undergraduate adapted physical education course...

The benefits of Square dancing as a means of physical activity for Czech dancers with hearing loss

Petra Kurková, Jessica Jayne Maertin

Acta Gymnica 2014, 44(4):223-230 | 10.5507/ag.2014.023

Background: Hearing, a strong line of communication that enables individuals to learn about the world around them, is a major factor contributing to the psychomotor development of every individual. Hearing loss can also affect the conception and perception of sounds and rhythm. Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe and analyse the benefits of Square and Round dancing for persons with hearing loss. Methods: The present study is an analytic-descriptive qualitative research. The sample was constituted non-probabilistically based on the following features: a) a participant had to have hearing problems (hearing...

Life satisfaction, health, self-evaluation and sexuality in current university students of sport sciences, education and natural sciences

Martin Sigmund, Jana Kvintová, Hana Hřebíčková, Michal Šafář, Dagmar Sigmundová

Acta Gymnica 2014, 44(4):231-241 | 10.5507/ag.2014.024

Background: Lifestyle and health of an individual are influenced by many factors; a significant factor is life satisfaction. Life satisfaction is understood as a multidimensional construct closely related to the area of personal wellbeing and quality of life. Life satisfaction in university students represents one of the determinants of good health, high motivation for studying, work productivity, satisfactory interpersonal relationships and overall healthy lifestyle. Objective: The main objective of the present study is to identify and compare the level of overall life satisfaction and selected components of health, self-evaluation and sexuality in...