Acta Gymnica, 2014 (vol. 44), issue 1
The visual reaction time distribution in the tasks with different demands on information processing
Acta Gymnica 2014 44(1): 5-13 | 10.5507/ag.2014.001
Background:Reaction tests are a part of the neuropsychological assessment of the individual. The design of these tests and selection of the appropriate measures of reaction time (RT) should come out from the distribution qualities of RTs. According to the newer general theory of RT distribution, the quality of RTs also depends on the specific properties of a reaction task. Objective:The aim of the study was to examine the dependency of RT distribution on an amount of processed information in a visual reaction test, and to verify the stability of RT distribution between two series of RTs in male adolescents. Methods: 25 male adolescents, aged 17.1 ± 1.1...
Influence of a specialized training program on the changes in the level of balance abilities in 8-10 year old alpine skiers
Ivan Čillík, Zuzana Rázusová
Acta Gymnica 2014 44(1): 15-22 | 10.5507/ag.2014.002
Background: Alpine skiing is a sport with a very complex structure and a high variability of movements. The stage of preliminary sport preparation in alpine skiing is important in a relation to the need of creating physical demands which enable an optimal and continuous growth of the performance. Inline skating is a very good substitution with a similar loading of lower limbs and muscle involvement as in skiing because inline skates offer a sense of sliding; stance and edge change and the technique for making curves are very similar. Objective: The main purpose of this paper was to assess the influence of a 9 week specialized training program on the...
The effect of two types of stretching on flexibility in selected joints in youth soccer players
Andrea Mahrová, Pavel Hráský, František Zahálka, Petr Požárek
Acta Gymnica 2014 44(1): 23-32 | 10.5507/ag.2014.003
Background: The nature of soccer causes overloading of certain muscles and muscle groups that are most often involved in typical training activities of players. Often the absence of additional leisure-time activities typical for children and adolescents leads to an increased risk of muscle imbalance. Objective: We were interested in the occurrence of muscle imbalance, specifically an occurrence of muscle shortening and limited flexibility of the spine as well as decreased range of motion (ROM) in selected joints among young soccer players. Methods: The players were randomly selected to take part in the study. Twelve young soccer players...
The level of physical and social skills after completion of the training program for children aged 9-11
Acta Gymnica 2014 44(1): 33-45 | 10.5507/ag.2014.004
Objective: The objective of the study was to determine changes in physical and social indicators in participants of a table tennis training program lasting 10 months. Physical and social indicators were compared within two different research groups. Methods: Two research groups were created. The first one comprised beginners with intellectual disabilities and the reference group was created by non-disabled participants. Altogether 15 participants, aged 9-11, were included in each group. A pre-test was introduced at the beginning of the study and was followed by a post-test 10 months later. Physical parameters were evaluated with the help of individual...
The effect of movement intervention for women attending courses in weight reduction
Tereza Sofková, Miroslava Přidalová, Jana Pelclová
Acta Gymnica 2014 44(1): 47-56 | 10.5507/ag.2014.005
Background: Accelerated pace of life and consumerism leads to an increase in obesity. The key element in programs to reduce overweight and obesity is regular physical activity (PA) by means of a healthy lifestyle. Walking, which can be simply assessed by pedometers is appropriate PA that is accessible to everyone, regardless of age and gender. Objective: The aim of our study was to analyse the effect of courses in weight reduction to the selected body composition (BC) parameters in the obese and overweight women of various age and PA level. Methods: 124 women with existing sendenary lifestyles participated in the study, they were differentiated by...
Socio-demographic characteristics affecting sport tourism choices: A structural model
Nataša Slak Valek, Mike Shaw, Jakob Bednarik
Acta Gymnica 2014 44(1): 57-65 | 10.5507/ag.2014.006
Background: Effective tourism management in the field of sports tourism requires an understanding of differences in socioeconomic characteristics both within and between different market segments. Objective: In the broad tourism market demographic characteristics have been extensively analyzed for differences in destination choices, however little is known about demographic factors affecting sport tourists' decisions. Methods: A sample of Slovenian sports tourists was analyzed using data from a comprehensive survey of local and outbound tourist activity conducted by the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia in 2008. After data weighting the...