Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 2013 (vol. 43), issue 4

The effects of a 6 week plyometric training programme on explosive strength and agility in professional basketball players

Michal Lehnert, Karel Hůlka, Tomáš Malý, Jaroslav Fohler, František Zahálka

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2013 43(4): 7-15 | 10.5507/ag.2013.019

Background: Explosive strength of the lower extremities and agility are important parts of game performance in basketball. Although numerous studies have focused on the assessment of the training effect of plyometric training, studies focusing on elite players are missing. Objective: The aim of the study was to find out what changes in explosive strength of the lower extremities take place after a 6 week plyometric training applied in training units during the pre-season in elite basketball players. Methods: Elite basketball players (N = 12, age 24.36 ± 3.9 years, height 196.2 ± 9.6 cm,...

The effect of hippotherapy on gait in patients with spastic cerebral palsy

Veronika Fízková, Eva Krejčí, Zdeněk Svoboda, Milan Elfmark, Miroslav Janura

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2013 43(4): 17-23 | 10.5507/ag.2013.020

Background: Disorders of motor skills, especially regarding gait, are prevalent in nearly all forms of cerebral palsy. Through a horse's back movement, the patient is exposed to proprioceptive stimulation, thus improvement in gait performance could be expected. Objective: The aim of our study was to determine the effect of hippotherapy on gait in patients with spastic cerebral palsy. Methods: Eleven subjects (age 14.3 ± 4.8 years, height 148.2 ± 17.6 cm, weight 43.3 ± 20.2 kg) with spastic cerebral palsy participated in the study. Gait assessment was...

Signs of abnormal motor performance in preschool children

Martina Šlachtová, Kateřina Neumannová, Dagmar Dupalová

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2013 43(4): 25-31 | 10.5507/ag.2013.021

Background: The determination of the level of motor development should be a common part of examinations performed by paediatricians, physiotherapists and also teachers. The importance has been increasing because of the prevalence of developmental coordination disorder. Objective: The aim of the study was to find the differences in performance of the selected motor tasks of gross motor function in preschoolers on both quantitative and qualitative parameters. Methods: In the study 261 children were included, boys and girls aged 4-6 years (the average age 5.4 years) attending regular kindergartens. We used motor tasks of...

An effect of the outpatient rehabilitation programme in patients with chronic respiratory diseases

Jakub Zatloukal, Kateřina Neumannová, Hana Olšáková, Vítězslav Kolek, Jaromír Zatloukal, Vladimíra Lošťáková, Jana Jašková

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2013 43(4): 33-38 | 10.5507/ag.2013.022

Background: Pulmonary rehabilitation is a common type of complex treatment especially in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). By contrast, only few rehabilitation centres in the Czech Republic provide pulmonary rehabilitation programme to non-COPD patients. Objective: To find out if the rehabilitation programme has a similar effect in patient with obstructive and restrictive ventilatory disorder. Methods: Twenty-eight patients with either COPD or pulmonary sarcoidosis (PS) have been enrolled for the 6-week rehabilitation programme. Lung functions, maximal inspiratory (MIP) and expiratory (MEP) mouth pressures,...

Greek pre-service physical education teachers' beliefs about curricular orientations: Instrument validation and examination of four important goals

Manolis Adamakis, Katerina Zounhia, Dimitris Hatziharistos, Maria Psychountaki

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2013 43(4): 39-51 | 10.5507/ag.2013.023

Background: The way people interpret reality is influenced by their mental constructions, their cognitive abilities and their beliefs. Physical Education (PE) students have a wide range of formed beliefs concerning the purposes of PE, which cannot be easily modified, even during undergraduate studies. Objective: This study validated the scores from a previously constructed questionnaire and investigated the Physical Education students' belief systems toward the Greek curricular outcome goals. Methods: Students (N = 483; males = 259, females = 224) from a Greek Faculty of Physical Education...

Comparison of the somatic state and the level of motor performance of boys between the ages of seven and fifteen in the Olomouc region (Czech Republic) and in Opole (Poland)

Miroslav Kopecký, Cezary Kusńierz, Kateřina Kikalová, Jiří Charamza

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2013 43(4): 53-65 | 10.5507/ag.2013.024

Background: Recent years have seen a decrease in habitual movement activity in children and youth, which is being replaced by the predominance of a sedentary lifestyle. A reflection of these negative trends is also seen in the decrease in motor performance. Objective: The aim of this research is to analyze the level of the motor skills of contemporary 7 to 15 year olds in Olomouc and in Opole and to compare the physical parameters of Olomouc and Opole boys with the 6th Nation-Wide Anthropological Survey of Children and Adolescents 2001 Czech Republic (the 6th CAV 2001). Methods: The research was carried out in both the Olomouc...