Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 2012 (vol. 42), issue 1

The association between participation in organised physical activity and level of physical activity and inactivity in adolescent girls

Karel Frömel, Jana Pelclová, Krzysztof Skalik, Petra Nováková Lokvencová, Josef Mitáš

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2012 42(1): 7-16 | DOI: 10.5507/ag.2012.001

Background: An increase of leisure time and vigorous physical activity (PA) in girls can be supported by their regular participation in organised PA, as it brings numerous health benefits and is an important part of healthy lifestyle. Objective: This study aimed to examine whether there are differences in physical activity and inactivity structure and levels in girls who do not participate in any organised PA and girls who regularly participate in physical education or training classes. Methods: The sample comprised 497 girls (age 17.94 ± 0.52 years) from Poland participating never (group 1), or once (group 2), twice (group...

The quality of kindergarten care as an important element of the subjective theories

Jera Gregorc, Jože Štihec, Mateja Videmšek, Alenka Cemič, Maja Meško

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2012 42(1): 17-25 | DOI: 10.5507/ag.2012.002

Background: Pre-school teachers and assistants jointly manage the educational process for pre-school children in kindergartens. The selection of topics and the process orientation depends on their professionalism, which is also reflected in subjective theories influencing also their lifestyle selection. Objective: The authors try to establish the differences in the opinions of the pre-school teachers and assistants on the quality and amount of time which children spend in kindergartens and to establish the differences in their opinions on material conditions for pursuing motor/sports activities. The aim was to establish whether the pre-school...

Knowledge in adolescent girls and boys related to physically active and healthy lifestyle

Jana Vašíčková, Krystyna Górna-Łukasik, Dorota Groffik, Karel Frömel, Krzysztof Skalik, Zbyněk Svozil, Wojciech Wąsowicz

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2012 42(1): 27-33 | DOI: 10.5507/ag.2012.003

Background: Knowledge about physically active and healthy lifestyle is one of key factors influencing relationship to physical activity (PA) and to lifetime prevalence of healthy lifestyle in adolescents. Objective: The aim of the study was to identify differences in girls' and boys' knowledge about healthy lifestyle and the strength of the association between the stated weekly physical activity and basic knowledge on healthy lifestyle. Methods: The research involved 14 selected schools in the Katowice region, and 275 girls (15.8 ± 0.9 years) and 220 boys (15.8 ± 0.8 years) participated in the study. The level of...

An analysis of Finnish skiing school students' academic education and athletic success

Jan-Erik Romar

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2012 42(1): 35-41 | DOI: 10.5507/ag.2012.004

Background: Skiing boarding schools provide an opportunity to combine academic education and an athletic career. Many athletes select to go to a boarding school at an age of 16 because they have poor local training possibilities; however, this physical move away from home providesmany challenges. Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze academic education and athletic success of skiing school students in Finland. Methods: The participants were 49 students (15 girls and 34 boys) with an average age of 17 years. They came from three skiing boarding schools, two cross-country and one alpine school. Sixty percent of the...

Gender differences in preferences of individual and team sports in Polish adolescents

Filip Křen, Michal Kudláček, Wojciech Wąsowicz, Dorota Groffik, Karel Frömel

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2012 42(1): 43-52 | DOI: 10.5507/ag.2012.005

Background: The prevalence of physical activity (PA) depends greatly on the options of executing preferable and favorite PA. Objective information about individual preferences in types of PA can support successful integration of adolescents into regular participation in PA. Defining the role of individual and team sports in regard to girls' and boys' sport preferences is a permanent problem that requires objective and continuous diagnostics. Objective: The purpose of the study is to examine the relationship among girls' and boys' preferences in individual and team sports and further among these preferences and PA participation. Methods:...

Pilot testing of the Czech versions of the Coaching Behavior Assessment Questionnaire structure

Veronika Baláková, Martin Musálek

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2012 42(1): 53-64 | DOI: 10.5507/ag.2012.006

Background: In the sports environment, the opinion that the leadership style of the coach plays an essential role in achieving team success is generally accepted (Amorose & Horn, 2001). Scott Martin and Kelly Barnes in 1999 created Coaching Behavior Assessment Questionnaire, based on CBAS (Smith et al., 1977) and LSS (Chelladurai & Saleh, 1978, 1980). Currently in the Czech Republic, there is no diagnostic tool that would address the effectiveness of the coach. Objective: The purpose of this pilot study was to translate and evaluate the structure of CBAQ by method of structural equation modeling for population of children in...