Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 2011 (vol. 41), issue 4

Comparison of the lower extremities' explosive muscular strength via jumping tests in different performance level and age groups of women volleyball players

Zlatava Jakubšová, František Vaverka, Daniel Jandačka

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2011 41(4): 7-15 | 10.5507/ag.2011.021

Background: Sport performance in volleyball is significantly influenced by the quality of the player´s jumping abilities, above all on the height of the jump. Results in jumping tests indirectly indicate information about explosive muscle strength. Information about the quality of the results of jumping tests is the starting point for the monitoring of the athlete's conditioning. Objective: This work´s purpose consists in finding out whether there exist some differences between women volleyball players according to their age and their sport performance level and whether women volleyball players differ from women university students....

Physical activity as a part of overweight and obesity treatment

Radana Poděbradská, Pavel Stejskal, Daniel Schwarz, Jiří Poděbradský

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2011 41(4): 17-27 | 10.5507/ag.2011.022

Background: Apart from pharmacotherapy, also a combination of physical activity (PA), diet, and cognitive-behavioral therapy is recommended for obesity treatment. Objective: This research study verified the effectiveness of the recommended complex intervention in treating overweight and obesity via an evaluation of changes in anthropometric indicators. Methods: The intervention included a guided physical activity, a diet and cognitive-behavioural therapy. PA was realized via endurance exercise with guided exercise intensity (machine exercise, Nordic walking and group aerobic exercise) and via resistance training. Included in...

The influence of physical activity on body image in people with and without acquired mobility disability

Ferda Gürsel, Ziya Koruç

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2011 41(4): 29-35 | 10.5507/ag.2011.023

Background: Body image in people with physical disability is important, but it has received little attention in the research literature. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine whether differences exist between adolescents with acquired mobility disability (AMD) and those without AMD regarding body image, and whether physical activity influences these differences. Methods: Fifty-eight adolescents, aged 16 to 18 years, participated in this study. Half the participants had some form of AMD while the other half were healthy. Body image was evaluated with the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ) before...

Does the rider influence the horse's movement in hippotherapy?

Zdeněk Svoboda, Tereza Dvořáková, Miroslav Janura

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2011 41(4): 37-41 | 10.5507/ag.2011.024

Background: In hippotherapy, in comparison to equitation, it is assumed that the rider is a passive element, only stimulated by mechanical impulses produced by the moving horse's back. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the influence of the rider on the horse's movement in hippotherapy. Methods: Two sound thoroughbreds with a similar body shape and size (age: 19 and 14 years, withers height: 1.65 m both, weight: 548 and 500 kg) participated in the study. The test group of riders consisted of twelve healthy young women (age: 23.3 ± 2.8, weight: 59.2 ± 5.3, height: 167.3 ± 4.2) without any previous...

Structure of a Questionnaire on Children's Attitudes towards Inclusive Physical Education (CAIPE-CZ)

Martin Kudláček, Ondřej Ješina, Julie Wittmannová

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2011 41(4): 43-48 | 10.5507/ag.2011.025

Background: The process of educating children with and without disabilities together has had many titles in the past, starting with mainstreaming, changing into integration and finally arriving at the current title of inclusion. While inclusion has become widespread, studies aiming to help us understand this phenomenon and variables that influence it have been limited mainly to the study of inclusion as a process and attitudes of teachers towards inclusive physical education. In order to study inclusion we also need to have questionnaires to measure the beliefs of children without disabilities. Objective: The purpose of this study was...

The influence of hallux valgus on pelvis and lower extremity movement during gait

Jitka Kozaková, Miroslav Janura, Zdenek Svoboda, Milan Elfmark, Miloslav Klugar

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2011 41(4): 49-54 | 10.5507/ag.2011.026

Background: The hallux and the first metatarsophalangeal joint play a major role in load transmission during walking. Objective: The main aim of this study was to investigate differences in kinematics of the pelvis and lower extremities during gait by comparing people with hallux valgus (HV) and a control group (CG). Methods: We compared subjects with asymptomatic bilateral HV (n = 6, 57.8 ± 5.64 years) with those who had CG (n = 11, 50.7 ± 4.41 years). Gait analysis was investigated using an optoelectronic system Vicon MX. The subjects walked at self-selected speeds. In total, five trials of each subject were analyzed....