Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 2010 (vol. 40), issue 4

Comprehensive test in school physical education at secondary schools in the Czech Republic - Standardization and verification

Jana Vašíčková, Filip Neuls, Karel Frömel

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2010 40(4): 7-14

Background: Physical education is at present oriented to the practical realization of physical activities (PA); less time is devoted to the acquisition of certain knowledge about the importance of PA and other necessary information about a healthy lifestyle and nutrition. Objective: The main aim of the study is to penetrate the knowledge sphere of students in the field of a physically active lifestyle and health and thus to standardize the comprehensive test in a Czech environment. Further, to compare test results among the types of schools, classes and gender. Methods: For testing knowledge about health and PA, we designed a...

The level of influence of organised physical activity on meeting the healthy criterion of 10,000 steps daily: Application of regression and formal concept analysis

Dagmar Sigmundová, Jiří Zacpal, Erik Sigmund

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2010 40(4): 15-24

Background: Organised physical activity (PA) belongs among factors significantly influencing the amount of realised PA. Objective: The objective of our study is to find out with the use of classical statistical methods and formal concept analysis (FCA) how organised PA influences the meeting of the healthy criterion of 10,000 steps per day on a particular day. What daily frequency of participation in organised PA is beneficial for meeting this healthy criterion? Methods: Men (1,749) and women (2,293) aged 12 to 84 years participated in the research. Their weekly PA was monitored using the pedometer Yamax Digi-walker SW700. We...

Components/factors of the Czech version of the Physical Self Perception Profile (PSPP-CZ) among high school students

Michal Kudláček, Martin Kudláček, Vlastimil Kudláček jr., Vlastimil Kudláček

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2010 40(4): 25-31

Background: The physical self has been widely investigated as a determinant of exercise behaviors as well as a contributor to mental health and well being (Fox, 1997). Self esteem has been generally accepted as an important mediator of exercise and self esteem (Fox, 2000; Sonstroem, 1997). Understanding self development processes has increased in importance as self esteem and self perception components have become increasingly valued in educational, clinical and community health programs (Ferreira & Fox, 2008). In order to examine the relationships between various levels of physical activities and self perception we need to use standardized...

Physical culture as a part of civil society

Bohuslav Hodaň

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2010 40(4): 33-39

Background: The principle issue is that of the characteristics of civil society, its relationship to the state, and the understanding of physical culture as a part of civil society. Objective: The objective of this paper is to explain the position of physical culture as a part of civil society and all socio-political problems connected with it. Results: The principle part is devoted to differences in physical education, movement (physical-exercise) recreation and sport from the point of view of the part they play in civil society. It is stated that there is not a problem with physical education being a part of the school curriculum,...

Leadership in non governmental sports organisations in Slovenia

Gregor Jurak, Jakob Bednarik

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2010 40(4): 41-51

Background: Voluntary work represents 13.5% of the economic strength of Slovenian extra curricular sport (Jurak & Bednarik, 2006). Therefore, managing such a significant source is an important task of Slovenian sports management. Objective: The purpose of this study was to discover the existing characteristics of the leadership of voluntary workers in Slovenian non governmental sports organisations. Methods: Research was carried out on a stratified sample of 190 leaders of non governmental sports organisations, who work in different segments of Slovenian sport. A questionnaire on styles of leadership, based on the Hersey-Blanchard...

Adherence to physical activity in patients with coronary artery disease

Veronika Drbošalová, Pavel Stejskal, Jan Bajorek, Eliška Sovová, Miloslav Klugar, Olga Hynková, Václav Krejčíř, Hana Cipryanová

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2010 40(4): 53-61

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the adherence to a physical activity (PA) in an annual interventional programme of domiciliary rehabilitation designed for patients with coronary artery disease. Methods: The final group consisted of 20 patients (4 women and 16 men) from the 1st Internal Department - University Hospital of Olomouc. The mean age of patients was 61.95 ± 11.02 years. They were split into three groups in accordance with the method of monitoring PA. Group 1 (G1) used a pedometer, group 2 (G2) used a heart rate monitor and group 3 (G3) used both types of equipment simultaneously. Patients recorded the...

Components of attitudes toward the inclusion of students with disabilities in physical education in the ATIPDPE-GR instrument for Greek physical educators

Agapi Doulkeridou, Christina Evaggelinou, Martin Kudláček

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2010 40(4): 63-68

Backround: Over the last decade the idea of the inclusion of students with disabilities and special educational needs (SEN) in general schools has become increasingly the focus of national and international policies in Greece. An important factor that affects the success of inclusion is attitude and the theory of planned behavior (TPB) provides a useful framework for the study of attitudes toward people with disabilities. Objective: The purpose of the study was to examine the structure of the attitudinal scale, modified for Greece, of the Attitudes Toward Inclusion of Individuals with Physical Disabilities in Physical Education - Greece...