Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 2010 (vol. 40), issue 2

Preferred contents in Physical Education lessons - positively evaluated means for the achievement of a higher intensity of physical activity by girls

Erik Sigmund, Dagmar Sigmundová, Karel Frömel, Jana Vašíčková

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2010 40(2): 7-16

Background: Physical Education (PE) has been one of the key determinants in an education towards a physically active and healthy lifestyle. The role of PE is to form positive attitudes in children towards regular physical activity (PA) and show them the broad scale of types and intensities of PA and ways of teaching them. Objective: The aim of this study is to examine relationships and identify determinants in the evaluation of PE lessons differing in content and PA intensity in girls. Methods: To estimate the relationships between PA intensity in PE lessons and their evaluation, data on 2,213 girls aged 13-17 monitored in 205...

Analysis of motives for mentoring students in practical pedagogical training

Matej Majerič, Janko Strel, Marjeta Kovač

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2010 40(2): 17-25

Background: The main goals of the renovation of study programmes were, in the majority of the EU member states, the unification and conversion of programmes that will enable the development of the EU into one of the strongest knowledge based societies. Modern study programmes emphasise the interconnection of practice and theoretical principles, which students acquire during their studies; therefore, practical training is one of the most important key parts of all study programmes. Consequently, an efficient system of competent and quality mentorship plays an important part, as mentors prepare individuals for entering the job market by developing...

Present attitudes of physical education students towards future employment in their profession

Eligiusz Madejski, Grażyna Kosiba, Magdalena Majer

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2010 40(2): 27-35

Objective: The aim of the research was to examine empirically the attitudes of physical education students towards their future profession in physical culture and some of their considerations about the choice of their field of study and their opinion about the course of studies. Methods: The research embraced physical education students studying at the Academy of Physical Education in Cracow. The research took place in two stages (May 2005 and 2008). The first part involved first year students (N = 162), the second the same students then being fourth year students, but only those, who passed all semesters on time (N = 103). The students'...

The influence of early intervention movement programs on motor skills development in preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder (case studies)

Milica Duronjić, Hana Válková

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2010 40(2): 37-45

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to assess the motor skills performance of preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder after eight weeks of physical activity intervention. Methods: Participants included 5 children, 4 male and 1 female, from 62 to 81 months old, who were attending the identical special kindergarten. Both the quantitative and qualitative aspects of the children's performance were examined. With regards to the quantitative examination, participants were measured using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (Henderson & Sugden, 1992). Qualitative results were obtained through personal observation....

Condition and body constitution of soccer players in category U19 before and after completing a preparatory period

Zdeněk Botek, Aleš Gába, Michal Lehnert, Miroslava Přidalová, Renata Vařeková, Michal Botek, František Langer

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2010 40(2): 47-54

Background: The level of one's conditioning predisposition and somatic factors are one of the main components determining the quality of an individual's performance in soccer. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in selected motor, functional and somatic parameters of soccer players in category U19, who completed the long used model of a training program employed in the preparatory period of soccer players. Methods: The monitored group was composed of 14 players from SK Sigma Olomouc in category U19. The categories being evaluated comprised: their starting and acceleration speeds in the 10 m, 30 m and 30 m...

Spectral analysis of heart rate variability in patients with spinal cord injury

Petr Uhlíř, Jaroslav Opavský, Amr Zaatar, Milada Betlachová

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2010 40(2): 55-62

Background: Yearly, 200-300 new spinal cord injuries (SCI) happen in the Czech Republic. Some of these patients suffer from autonomic disturbances, especially concerning their cardiovascular and genito-urinary systems. Autonomic disturbances markedly decrease quality of life in patients with SCI. It is important to assess the severity of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) involvement in these subjects. Objective: The main aim of this study was to assess the spectral analysis of heart rate variability as a marker of cardiovascular autonomic regulation in patients with spinal cord injury and to compare it with findings in healthy controls....

The influence of Paralympic School Day on children's attitudes towards people with disabilities

Yang Liu, Martin Kudláček, Ondřej Ješina

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2010 40(2): 63-69

Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the influence of Paralympic School Day on the attitudes of school children toward people with a disability; to analyze the basics and theories of Paralympic Education in school settings. Methods: The participants were 36 children with a mean age of 11.78 (17 boys and 19 girls) from the elementary school Hrdličky in Ostrava, the Czech Republic. All participants completed the questionnaire "Children's Attitude Toward Integrated Physical Education-Revised" (CAIPE-R) (Block, 1995) and the Adjective checklist before and after the implementation of the program. Results: The scores of...