Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 2009 (vol. 39), issue 4

Ratio changes of selected components of body composition after lymphatic massage

Jarmila Riegerová, Aleš Gába, Michal Valenta, Ondřej Chromý

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2009 39(4): 7-14

Background: The application of lymphatic massages has a highly preventive effect as it reinforces the drainage and transport functions of the lymph pump and thus activates the lymphatic flow and helps detoxify the body. Objective: This pilot report inquires into the effect of lymphatic massages on selected components of body composition. Methods: We conducted an examination of body composition using the InBody 720 device (multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis) in a population of 30 women before and after having received practical training in lymphatic massages. Our study has pilot features due to professional selection...

The motor performance progression of future undergraduate students of physical education

Roman Cuberek, Iva Machová

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2009 39(4): 15-23

Background: In our opinion, the complex interactions between social change, growing inactivity and obesity, and further negative processes also contribute to changes in the motor performance level of future undergraduates. Therefore, long term changes to motor performance need to be considered in order to be a mirror of today's life style of the above mentioned population. Objective: The main aim of this study was to describe a long term trend in two chosen motor presumptions in the population entering university physical education study. Methods: The sample comprised 2,012 males and 1,705 females aged Mdn = 19 years. The subjects...

Pilot study on the application of the NQLS questionnaire in a study of physical activity in inhabitants of villages and towns

Dagmar Sigmundová, Erik Sigmund, Karel Frömel, Petra Vlková

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2009 39(4): 25-32

Background: The environment of a neighborhood (the availability of sports facilities, services, and transportation) can influence physical activity (PA), however the influence of different environments on PA have not been clearly described in the Czech Republic yet. Objective: The aim of the study is to identify the relationships between obesity and PA in Olomouc and the surrounding countryside depending on differences in the neighborhood environment. A further aim of the study is to form recommendations concerning physical activity enhancement and lifestyle. Methods: PA was quantified on the basis of the NQLS (Neighborhood Quality...

Differences in rotations between the winning and losing teams at the youth European volleyball championships for girls

Marko Zadražnik, Nenad Marelić, Tomica Rešetar

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2009 39(4): 33-40

Background: Researchers of the game of volleyball often study the differences that separate the winning and losing teams. Namely, the volleyball game runs in two complexes (K1 - game after receive of serve: serve - receipt of serve - setting the attack - attack; K2 - game after own serve: serve - block - defence - counter attack), in addition the players have to rotate in accordance with the rules of the game of volleyball. Playing situations in six rotations do not equally correlate to K1 and K2 in their tactical aspect, nor are they of the same difficulty. Objectives: The study examined whether there are statistically significant differences...

The application of formal concept analysis and the importance of scale selection in the evaluation of physical activity data in relation to the body mass index

Erik Sigmund, Jiří Zacpal, Dagmar Sigmundová

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2009 39(4): 41-51

Background: Research confirms that physical activity (PA) is irreplaceable in a healthy and physically active lifestyle. One of the key research questions is what the optimal level of everyday PA for health is and how it should be quantified and interpreted. Formal concept analysis is one possible way of how to assess and describe the level of PA as related to personal data. Objective: The main goal of this study was to introduce the method of Formal Concept Analysis (FCA) using data from the ANEWS questionnaire and data from the objective monitoring of a number of steps using the YAMAX SW-701 pedometer. A further aim was to adopt the...

Coordination skills in 9 to 11 years old pupils at practical elementary schools in relationship to their degree of intellectual disability

Alena Lejčarová

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2009 39(4): 53-62

Background: The degree of pupils' intellectual disability is regarded as the fundamental criterion for a necessary internal differentiation in the physical education teaching process at practical elementary schools. Up to now, children with intellectual disability, or pupils at practical elementary schools, have not received, in this regard, so much attention, neither in the area of research nor in the teaching process. Objective: The aim of the conducted study was to identify the level of selected coordination skills in 153 9 to 11 years old pupils at practical elementary schools in Prague in relationship to their degree of intellectual...

Effect of the intervention program "Paralympic School Day" on attitudes of children attending international school towards inclusion of students with disabilities

Georgios Xafopoulos, Martin Kudláček, Christina Evaggelinou

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2009 39(4): 63-71

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect that the "Paralympic School Day" had on the attitudes of children attending the International school in Ostrava, Czech Republic, toward the inclusion of peers with a disability in general physical education classes. Methods: Students (71, including 42 boys and 29 girls), with a mean age of 12.70 and 11.67 years respectively, originating from 5 countries, participated in the program. All participants completed the questionnaire "Children's Attitude Toward Integrated Physical Education-Revised" (CAIPE-R) (Block, 1995) and the Adjective checklist (Siperstein, 1980) before and...