Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 2009 (vol. 39), issue 1

Differences in characteristics of cycling event participants in Slovenia in years 2005 and 2006

Tina ©etina, Rado Pi¹ot

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2009 39(1): 7-15

The main aim of this study is to find out some characteristics of randomly selected cycling event participants in the years 2005 and 2006. A two day recreation and active lifestyle promoting event provided a cycling offer that corresponded to both sexes and people of different ages and psychophysical abilities. Randomly selected recreational cyclists (261) were asked to complete the anonymous questionnaire. The results show a small but statistically significant negative correlation (r = -0.268, p < 0.01) between the frequency of participation in physical/sport activities and age. Close to 50% of participants in 2005 were active 4-6 times per week...

Applying Gestalt therapy principles in counseling a female orienteer

Dana Bednáøová

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2009 39(1): 17-25

The article aims to suggest how a Gestalt therapy (GT) framework can be applied in sport psychology consultations and research. An explanation of GT's theoretical basis (Perls, Heff erline, & Gododman, 2004) and its three pillars (the field theory, phenomenology and the existential dialogue) is followed by a concrete example of its application in a particular performance analysis of a selected youthful orienteer. It is expected that this runner can get a restructured view of her strengths and weaknesses by acknowledging and becoming aware of her actions in successful as well as in failed performances. Since the research topic is relevant and significant...

The assessment of the longitudinal arch of the foot in deaf and hearing children aged 9 to 11 years

Ewa Kamiñska, Marzena Wiernicka, Miros³aw Górny

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2009 39(1): 27-38

The aim of the study was to establish the condition of the foot arch in deaf and hearing children and to determine whether there are differences in the foot arch between children with impaired hearing and healthy children aged 9-11 years. A group of 19 deaf children and 33 hearing children, including 23 girls and 29 boys aged 9 to 11 years were studied. Their average age was 9.9 years. The examination of the longitudinal arch of the feet was carried out in an nonloaded (in a sitting position) and in a loaded (standing) position, using a Podoskop (POSMED, Poland). In the preparation of impressions of the soles of the feet, a line method according to...

Physical activity in pre-school children from the aspect of health criteria

Ludmila Miklánková, Milan Elfmark, Erik Sigmund, Josef Mitá¹, Karel Frömel

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2009 39(1): 39-47

The main aim of this study was to assess potential differences between groups of pre-school children meeting and not meeting health recommendations for physical activity (PA) from the aspect of so called indicators of physical activity (active energy expenditure, number of steps). The number of steps was measured by Yamax Digi-Walker SW-200 pedometers (Yamax Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) and the active energy expenditure was measured by Caltrac (Muscle Dynamics Fitness Network, Torrance, California) accelerometers. Evaluation of PA from the aspect of so called health criteria was realized following the criteria of Frömel, Novosad and Svozil (1999), who...

Possibilities for the use of selected methods for the determination of body composition in children in their adolescent stage

Ivana Kinkorová, Jan Heller, Jan Moulis

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2009 39(1): 49-58

The variables of fat mass (FM), fat free mass (FFM) and total body water (TBW) are considered to be the most important components of the body's composition. At present, there are quite many methods for the evaluation of body composition. They differ in both devices used and personnel requirements and in the determination accuracy of the monitored data, which are the most important factors limiting their use under various conditions. The aim of our work is to find out more details about those methods for the determination of body composition that are available at present and to consider their possibilities in use for a group of children under laboratory...

Changes in speed and strength in female volleyball players during and after a plyometric training program

Michal Lehnert, Ivona Lamrová, Milan Elfmark

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2009 39(1): 59-66

The goal of this article was the validation of a plyometric training program and the evaluation of the changes in monitored speed and explosive power predispositions during and after the end of the training program. The program was applied to a group of female youth volleyball players (n = 11) twice a week during an eight week period. Their actual level of explosive power and locomotor speed was evaluated before, during and after the intervention was completed. The levels were determined with the following tests: the standing vertical jump, the vertical jump with an approach and the shuttle run for 6 x 6 m. There were positive changes in the average...

The effect of listening to techno music on reaction times to visual stimuli

Maja Me¹ko, Vojko Strojnik, Mateja Videm¹ek, Damir Karpljuk

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2009 39(1): 67-73

The aim of the research was to establish the influence of techno music on the reaction times of participants in the research. Our hypothesis was that stimulating music, such as techno, would shorten the participants' reaction time to visual stimuli while, without music, the reaction time would be longer. To define the reaction time to expected light stimuli we used a special apparatus for measuring the angle of elbow extension, an electric goniometer and a red colour LED diode attached to it. We also used a computer programme as well. The athletes, 10 students at the Faculty of Sports, aged between 20 and 45, participated in the research, representing...