Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 2008 (vol. 38), issue 4

Theoretical foundations of municipal sport infrastructure development conceptual planning

Vladimír Hobza, Tomáš Dohnal

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(4): 7-15

It is not possible to create modern municipal sport infrastructure unless the newest scientific findings are used. Kinanthropology and other closely related scientific disciplines (mostly biomedicine, sociology, economy and urbanism) offer an important insight into the problem. Next to the above mentioned the proposed theoretical basis of municipal sport infrastructure conceptual planning is also based on the findings published in the "Sport and sport education development conception" documents for selected regions and towns within the Czech Republic, on various conference papers and on other countries' case studies. The method proposed in this article...

The effect of parents' physical activity and inactivity on their children's physical activity and sitting

Erik Sigmund, Kateřina Turoňová, Dagmar Sigmundová, Miroslava Přidalová

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(4): 17-24

Next to genetic predispositions, performance of physical activity (PA) in children is influenced by a variety of variables including the parents' PA. The aim of this study is to describe associations between PA and sitting in children aged 8-13 and their parents according to sex and to examine whether their participation in organized PA influences a higher level of total PA. The level of performed PA, time spent sitting and their participation in organized PA were examined in 193 children (84 girls and 109 boys) and their parents (183 mothers and 157 fathers) using the Czech version of the IPAQ questionnaire. We have indentified positive associations...

Prediction of learning difficulties with the test of complex imitation of movement

Tjaša Filipčič, Martina Ozbič

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(4): 25-30

Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is one of all of the heterogeneous range of developmental disorders affecting the initiation, organization and performance of actions. It is often being overlooked in school practice and in everyday work with children. Therefore, the aim of this article is to draw attention to this problem and prove how children with DCD can be easily recognized by teachers of different subjects. Especially PE teachers are those who can recognize pupils with learning difficulties, in informal tasks, and later on organize appropriate intervention. A quicker prognosis can lead to faster intervention resulting in the progress...

Global self esteem in a sample of Czech seniors and adolescents

Jana Šmídová, Běla Hátlová, Jan Stochl

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(4): 31-37

In this paper, we have reported on the results of two follow up studies concerning various aspects of global self esteem (GSE). We used the Rosenberg self esteem scale to measure GSE. In study no. 1, we examined the level of global self esteem with respect to gender perspective within a sample of 106 seniors. In the follow up study, we compared the levels of global self esteem of seniors and a sample of 102 adolescents. The results of study no. 1 showed significant differences in GSE between men and women in the sample of seniors. The results of the follow up study showed significant differences in the levels of GSE between seniors and adolescents.

Optimisation of the size of a target and the throwing distance during a throw at a target for adults

David Zahradník, František Vaverka, Vojtěch Gajda

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(4): 39-45

The aim of the study is to optimise throwing distance and the size of a target as a basis for constructing a test of accuracy of a throw at a target, using a tennis ball. The optimal combination must fulfil two conditions - the tested group will achieve an average score of the count of successful hits out of all throws and using a specific combination of the throwing distance and the size of a target and it will fulfil the condition of normal distribution. The tested group consisted of 79 men and 71 women, students of the first year at the Ostrava University in Ostrava, majoring in the Physical Education and Recreation study fields. Three target sizes...

Evaluation of the elite sports result from the viewpoint of different types of public

Edvard Kolar, Jakob Bednarik, Radoslav Bubanj, Marjeta Kovač

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(4): 47-57

A sports result fulfils its true goal only after monitoring the public and its response, and thus the result acquires additional important dimensions. The significance of a sports result is most often evaluated intuitively and on the basis of emotional reactions and beliefs about its importance on a national and not the worldwide level. An analysis of the evaluation of an elite sports result, achieved at the most important competitions, reveals that various types of public value sports results differently. A sports result is significantly more appreciated by the general and expert public, whilst journalists appreciate it the least. The latter strive...

The verification of the usability of the online system in collecting data on physical activity - pilot study

František Chmelík, Karel Frömel, Filip Křen, Jiri Stelzer, Lucie Engelová, Michal Kudláček, Josef Mitáš

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(4): 59-66

In order to reduce the increase of obesity and an inactive healthy lifestyle in the population, we are seeking means which would enhance a change in physical activity behavior worldwide. Information technologies, especially the internet, are among these means. Research has shown internet intervention to be effective in enhancing health in the population. The aim of the pilot study is to verify the usability of the online system in collecting data on physical activity (PA) and at the same time to analyze a possible use of the system for intervention programs. The verification of the system was carried out in the spring term (from...