Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 2008 (vol. 38), issue 3

Considerations on the problem of the relationship between movement and health

Bohuslav Hodaň

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(3): 7-14

If we are speaking about the relationship between movement and health, we usually mean activities realized within the sphere of physical culture, activities intended for human beings. Naturally, at the same time we have to count on specifi c diff erences between physical education, recreation based on movement or physical exercise, and sports. Unfortunately, physical exercises as intentionally used movements are, in our literature, understood most frequently on a bio-mechanical and bio-medical basis. Less frequently are their psychological, social and psycho-social aspects perceived, and the fewest experts look at their philosophical essence. In addition,...

Sensation seeking in Slovenian female and male mountain climbers

Stojan Burnik, Snežana Jug, Tanja Kajtna

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(3): 15-19

Our paper focuses on differences in sensation seeking between male and female athletes who engage in high risk sports. There are several studies (Cox, 1994; Tušak & Tušak, 2001; Erjavec, 2002), which indicate that male and female athletes are more similar than males and females in the general population, female athletes thus show more "traditionally male" characteristics. These studies mainly focus on personality, anxiety and aggression; we wanted to address these issues in the area of sensation seeking. Sensation seeking has been well researched in the area of high risk sports - males seem to have higher sensation seeking needs, but gender...

Comparison of game characteristics of male and female tennis players at Roland Garros 2005

Tjaša Filipčič, Aleš Filipčič, Tomaž Berendijaš

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(3): 21-28

The game characteristics of elite male and female tennis players at the French Open 2005 (Roland Garros) have been analyzed based on a large number of sets, a total of 894 in the category of men and 592 sets in the category of women. In addition, a comparison of game characteristics in an individual set between winners and losers has been made. It was ascertained that there are statistically characteristic differences in most variables between the winners and loser in the category of men as well as in the category of women. In the category of men, there are statistically characteristic differences in all variables except in the break point conversions....

Landing errors in men's floor exercise

Miha Marinšek, Iva Čuk

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(3): 29-36

In our research we focused on the reasons for the magnitude of landing errors in floor exercise in men's artistic gymnastics. Our goal is to determine the parameters of the landing characteristics which have an influence on the magnitude of landing mistakes. We analyzed flips which were performed by all gymnasts (n = 97) competing in the qualification rounds of the European Championships in the year 2004 in Ljubljana. We defined the variables according to the theoretical model for the evaluation of flip landings in floor exercises. The results show that a soft landing is most effective, incomplete twists are the reason for large errors, landing...

The state of mind of less physically active and regularly physically active women in the second trimester of their pregnancies

Anja Podlesnik Fetih, Mateja Videmšek, Vislava Globevnik Velikonja, Eda Bokal Vrtačnik, Damir Karpljuk

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(3): 37-44

The moment a woman fi nds out that she is pregnant, her life changes in many aspects as she starts to adjust to the baby growing in her body. Her wish is to feel well, to safely reach the due date and give birth to a healthy child. We conducted a survey among 163 pregnant women at the end of the second trimester of their pregnancies and this article presents the relationship between their sport activity and their state of mind during pregnancy. Two groups of pregnant women, namely those who were regularly physically active (RPA) and those with a low level of being physically active (LPA) were compared and the relationship between their level of...

Level of selected fitness abilities of pupils at practical elementary schools in relation to the aetiology of their intellectual disability

Alena Lejčarová

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(3): 45-54

The objective of the study was to determine the level of the selected fitness abilities of 153 pupils (aged 10.62 ± 0.56 years) at practical elementary schools in Prague in relation to the aetiology of their intellectual disability. A unifittest battery (6-60) was used to assess the level of motor performance with regard to fitness abilities. Clear differences were found between pupils with polygenetically determined lower intellectual abilities in combination with an unstimulating upbringing or neglect, who achieved the best results, and pupils with multiple disabilities, who recorded the lowest motor performance.

The effect of 8 week pulmonary rehabilitation programme on chest mobility and maximal inspiratory and expiratory mouth pressure in patients with bronchial asthma

Kateřina Burianová, Renata Vařeková, Ivan Vařeka

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(3): 55-60

Bronchial asthma (AB) can lead not only to breathing disorders but also to musculoskeletal disorders. Breathing and musculoskeletal disorders can lead to health problems and decreased quality of life. These disorders may be also associated with psychosocial problems and could influence adult participation in various activities (physical activities and sports, activities of daily living - shopping, cleaning house, etc.). Breathlessness and cough are usually the most problematic symptoms of AB. Comprehensive care is based on medical treatment and non pharmacological treatment. Chest physiotherapy is an important part of the non pharmacological...