Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 2008 (vol. 38), issue 2

Movement in the context of Jaroslav Foglar's books and his pedagogical influence

Ivo Jirásek

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(2): 7-12

This paper deals with a movement motif in Jaroslav Foglar's books and with the influence of this literature on active experiencing by readers, particularly on a potential increase of their movement activities. Although the results (Jirásek et al., 2007) obtained from the empirical research do not prove any connection at a statistically significant level, we can reasonably assume that such literature for youth plays the role of a real motivational factor.

Effects of cognitive behavioral psychotherapy on body composition and constitution

Miroslava Přidalová, Jarmila Riegerová, Iva Dostálová, Aleš Gába, Miroslav Kopecký

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(2): 13-23

Obesity is a chronic disease of modern times that is not just a cosmetic problem but a bio-social-psychological problem especially, which means that obese individuals have, apart from their medical problems, also social and psychological problems. They often suffer from depression, low self esteem and difficulties in the job market field. The aim of the study was to examine the effect of physical activity and the modification of nutrition patterns on the somatic parameters in STOB courses (the courses for weight loss and obesity reduction) in women at the age of 20-60 years (n = 114). The standardised anthropometrical methods were used to determine...

Determination of the vagal threshold and changes of it's using

Michal Botek, Pavel Stejskal, Jakub Krejčí, Aleš Jakubec, Aleš Gába

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(2): 25-33

Exercise intensity causes changes in the activity of both branches of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) as involved in cardiovascular system regulation. Reduction in vagal activity and an increase in sympatho-adrenal activity is associated with an increase in death risk from both cardiac and arrhythmic causes during exercise. The main aim of this work was to develop a simple mathematic algorithm for determination of critical exercise intensity, at which, if exceeded, the cardiovascular system starts to be influenced dominantly by rising sympathetic activity including catecholamine and a significant withdrawal in cardiac vagal activity (vagal threshold...

Changes in heart rate variability after a six month long aerobic dance or step-dance programme in women 40-65 years old: The influence of different degrees of adherence, intensity and initial levels

Aleš Jakubec, Pavel Stejskal, Liběna Kováčová, Milan Elfmark, Iva Řehová, Michal Botek, Milan Petr

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(2): 35-44

The aim of the present study was to investigate how changes in heart rate variability (HRV) after a 6 month long aerobic dance or step-dance programme are related to adherence, to exercise intensity and to the initial level of HRV. The experimental group consisted of 44 women aged 47.3 ± 5.4 years. Methods used were the spectral analysis of short term recordings of R-R intervals and the incremental uphill walk jog test till maximum on the treadmill. Intervention consisted of a group aerobic exercise, done for a period of six months, three times per week, for 40-45 minutes. Exercise intensity was monitored and followed using monitors of heart...

The effectiveness of specific physiotherapy in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders

David Smékal, Kristýna Velebová, Dagmar Hanáková, Magdaléna Lepšíková

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(2): 45-53

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of individual specific physiotherapy in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders, its immediate effect and its effect after two months. The research sample was comprised of 23 subjects, 17 women and 6 men, with an average age of 36.5 years. They complained of pain, sound phenomena and restricted mandibular movements. The patients were first examined by a stomatologist who recommended physiotherapy. The effect of treatment was assessed according to the intensity of pain, the occurrence of reflex changes in soft tissues in the region of the masticatory muscles and digastricus muscle, the range of mouth...

Validity and reliability of "step count" function of the ActiTrainer Activity Monitor under controlled conditions

Filip Neuls

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(2): 55-64

When assessing human physical activity, numerous objective measuring devices, such as accelerometers, pedometers, heart rate monitors, etc. are involved. The ActiTrainer is a new multifunctional monitoring tool putting all these functions together. The main purpose of this study was to realize standardizing measures of the pedometer ("step count") function of the ActiTrainer under controlled conditions of walking and running and to contribute to the verification of the potentials of this device for physical activity assessment. Performance of the ActiTrainer as a step counter was evaluated against the actual number of steps taken during those two stages...

The use of formal concept analysis in evaluation of the relationship between the environment and physical activity of the residents in Czech regional cities

Erik Sigmund, Josef Mitáš, Dagmar Sigmundová, Karel Frömel, Svatopluk Horák, Jiří Zacpal, Jiří Nykodým, Zdeněk Šebrle, Emil Řepka, Dana Feltlová, Aleš Suchomel, Oldřich Mičan, Tomáš Klobouk, Marie Lukavská, Ladislav Bláha

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(2): 65-74

Current trends in research promote an interdisciplinary approach to the description of real conditions in the most precise way, which means a variety of variables enter into analysis. Therefore, accurate statistical analysis must be carried out. The aim of the study was to identify variables that indicate the presence of an environment conducive to physical activity in neighborhoods where a random sample of 15-65 year old inhabitants living in regional towns was taken (Brno, České Budějovice, Hradec Králové, Liberec, Olomouc, Ostrava, Plzeň and Ústí nad Labem) using the method of Formal Concept Analysis (FCA). Environmental characteristics of neighborhoods...

Physical activity recommendation and its association with demographic variables in Czech university students

Jana Vašíčková, Karel Frömel, Jiří Nykodým

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(2): 75-84

Educated people have got better information about the importance of a proper amount of physical activity, but whether Czech university students meet recommendations for physical activity is not clearly known. International Physical Activity Questionnaire - short version, was collected from 2400 university students and analyzed by the logistical regression method. Meeting recommendations for vigorous PA, moderate PA and walking served as independent variables. Czech university students are a sufficiently active social group, more than 85% of them meet physical activity recommendations and the most influential variable is regular participation in PA....

Dance and aerobic dance in physical education lessons: The influence of the student's role on physical activity in girls

Jana Pelclová, Karel Frömel, Krzysztof Skalik, Gareth Stratton

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2008 38(2): 85-92

The primary aim of physical education (PE) is to promote lifelong physical activity (PA) and to promote physical literacy in children. During classes children should learn through participation in physical activities and thus physical education lessons should be as active as possible. The aims of this study were firstly to compare physical load in dance and aerobic dance lessons to the recommendation of the minimum of 50% of class time being physically active (USDHHS, 2000) and secondly to identify how the students' role in the educational process affects their engagement in PA. Two hundred and forty one girls completed the full program of dance and...