Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 2007 (vol. 37), issue 4

Multimodal evaluation of the effects of physiotherapy on stroke patients with upperlimb involvement

Dagmar Bezděková, Petr Hluštík, Jaroslav Opavský

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(4): 11-16

The aim of this paper was to compile an easy testing battery, sensitive enough to register changes in the motor task performance of the paretic hand and disabled upper limb of patients who have had a brain stroke and are in the chronic stage. We selected tests commonly used in rehabilitation to scan the characteristics and dynamics of test value changes after 10 kinesiotherapy lessons. Most of our outcome had the same trend of slight improvement, but did not reach statistical signifi cance because of the size of the group. Only our pilot outcome is presented in this paper. We are going to continue this study.

Autonomic nervous system observation through to use of spectral analysis of heart rate variability in ice hockey players

Lukáš Cipryan, Pavel Stejskal, Olga Bartáková, Michal Botek, Hana Cipryanová, Aleš Jakubec, Milan Petr, Iva Řehová

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(4): 17-21

The aim of our study was to investigate the infl uence of regular sport training on the activity of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and to disclose patterns of interrelations between them. The activity of the ANS was evaluated by means of the spectral analysis of heart rate variability (SA HRV). We used complex indices (total score - TS, vagal activity - VA, sympathovagal balance - SVB) and age standardized values of total spectral power (PT) for SA HRV results evaluation (Stejskal et al., 2002). The study group consisted of four ice hockey players, of whom all were 17 years old. The SA HRV was monitored by using VarCor PF7 hardware and VarCorMulti...

Kinematic analysis of postural changes in bipedal stance at application of stimulus from external environment and modifi cation of visual scene in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

Petra Hlavačková, Miroslav Janura

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(4): 23-29

Tears and rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), which has an important function in knee joint stability, are very common and more so in sports. ACL injury can be managed in two ways. One alternative pertains to conservative therapy whereas the second variant is surgical intervention (reconstruction). The number of ACL reconstructions has risen recently. The purpose of this study was to analyze the postural changes in bipedal stance at application of a stimulus from external environment and the resultant modifi cation in the visual scene in patients with ACL reconstruction. The examined group consisted of 25 subjects - 11 patients with ACL...

Student teacher ability to apply progressive intervention in both their majors during teaching practice

František Chmelík, Karel Frömel, Zbyněk Svozil

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(4): 31-36

It has not been identified yet how prospective teachers perceive the reform of the education system and progressive teaching approaches. The aim of the study was to assess whether students of teaching are adequately prepared to apply the proposed approaches and to what extent they are able to carry them out in physical education and the other majors they study. During their teaching practice in 2002-2005, these students of teaching carried out two types of lessons (habitual and progressive) that were assessed with standardized questionnaires immediately upon the end of the lessons. We analyzed 314 questionnaires completed by students of teaching and...

The influence of prostheses and prosthetic foot alignment on postural behavior in transtibial amputees

Barbora Paráková, Marcela Míková, Miroslav Janura

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(4): 37-44

Lower limb amputation presents a kinesiological problem. The type and alignment of each prosthetic component in transtibial amputees is determinative for postural stability and bipedal locomotion to a great extent. The aim of this study was to qualify the influence of variation in prostheses and prosthetic foot alignment in transtibial amputees on postural behaviour. Postural behaviour was analyzed in a group of 13 males (age 56 ± 13 years) with five different prostheses and prosthetic foot lignment. The results of the study show that change in prostheses alignment has an influence on muscle activity and on selected posturographic parameters....

Effects of intervention programs on changes in resting energy expenditure

Iva Řehová, Pavel Stejskal, Radim Šlachta, Aleš Jakubec, Olga Bartáková, Hana Cipryanová, Michal Botek, Lukáš Cipryan

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(4): 45-50

The aim of the study was to assess the effects of two types of weight reducing programs on changes in resting energy expenditure (REE) in overweight middle aged women. We recruited 28 overweight or obese premenopausal women at the age of 40-50 years via poster advertisements, of which 6 of the women were withdrawn early. Participants were divided into 2 groups - D and DC. Women assigned to group D (n = 10) had only a diet regime prescribed, whereas group DC (n = 12) followed a combined diet and exercise intervention. The diet was identical for both groups and the daily energy restriction for each participant was approximately 2000 kJ. Group DC combined...

The position of sports within the public policy of the local administration in large cities - preparation phase of a case study of the capital city of Prague

Miloslav Staněk

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(4): 51-53

The significant enforcing of the position of towns and municipalities and public policies realized in its territory by the local municipal authorities were a result of the integration of the Czech Republic into the European structures and the related reformation of the public administration. The approach of the local municipal authorities to the individual fields of public policy, thus sports as well, then significantly affects the environment and quality of life in the pertinent area. This paper presents the preparation and introductory results of a research project focused on the approach of the local municipal authorities to sports in the territory...

Temporal symmetry of sound and prosthetic limbs during transtibial amputee gait with various prosthetic alignment

Zdeněk Svoboda, Miroslav Janura

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(4): 55-60

The term "gait" refers to fundamental locomotion by means of which the individual moves him/herself from one place to another. For people afflicted by some involvement of the lower limbs, this activity is partially or completely reduced. In the course of the biomechanical investigation of gait in subjects with various afflictions, the symmetry of lower limb loading is also the object of research. A certain number of biomechanical studies are focussed on the kinematic and dynamic variables of the gait cycle in subjects with transtibial amputation (Bateni & Olney, 2002; Thomas et al., 2000; Perry, 2004). An interesting problem is the evaluation of...

Chosen problems in experiential education research

Petr Zappe, Jiří Okrouhlý

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(4): 61-65

This paper is concerned with research in the field of experiential education. At first we picked out some problems of research in general. Than using examples from published studies we focused on problems of the quantitative and qualitative approaches. Amongst others we touched on the questions to whether the researchers in the field should put emphasis on verifying existing theories or rather on generating theory peculiar to experential education. Especially in the Czech environment we prefer the latter possibility, which can contribute to the creation of a common language and to our own body of knowledge.

Attitudes of future physical educators toward teaching children with disabilities in physical education in the Republic of South Africa

Radka Bartoňová, Martin Kudláček, Liz Bressan

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(4): 69-75

The Republic of South Africa has undergone significant changes with regard to people with disabilities in the past number of years, which have also included changes in legislation and education. In the education of children with disabilities, inclusion is quite a new phenomenon. In order to prepare for inclusion, universities must focus on teacher preparation. Sherrill (1998) emphasised the role of attitudes in teacher preparation and therefore we have focused on the attitudes of university students toward inclusion. The aim of this study was to examine the differences in attitudes between two groups of students of the Department of Sport Science at...

Analysis of Chinese children's newspaper reports on the phenomenon of disability

Xingli Mu, Hana Válková

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(4): 77-89

In this study we examined the reports on disability and people with disabilities in major Chinese children's newspapers. Eight newspapers from 2003 to 2006 were chosen on the basis of the following factors: national reach, media coverage of disabilities and people with disabilities, and availability (resources can be obtained through internet). Articles were selected for inclusion in this study if they referred to a specific disability, a chronic illness which incurs disabilities or to disability in general, whether in a headline, text, picture or illustration. There are 152 articles published related to disabilities and persons with disabilities in...

Motor skill development in preschool children with mental and developmental disorders - the difference after a one year comprehensive education program

Kathleen Finn, Hana Válková

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(4): 91-98

The aim of this study was to reassess the motor skill performance of preschool children with mental and developmental disorders. The study follows the first part of the study which was completed in 2006 (Samoulidu, 2006). In 2006, significant deficits in motor skills performance were found to exist in these children. There were 5 participants in this study - 4 boys and 1 girl. One participant from the last year's assessment did not participate as he left the special kindergarten during the year. As of February 2007, the participants had completed a one year comprehensive program at the special kindergarten. This program was guided by recommendations...

The influence of one month complex spa therapy on the muscular fitness and general physical fitness of obese children

Zuzana Macáková, Kateřina Burianová

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(4): 99-106

Childhood and adult obesity are associated with various health problems. Obesity in childhood is also coupled with a range of potential medical and psychosocial complications, as well as being a risk factor for increased morbidity and premature mortality in adulthood. In recent years, the prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents has risen dramatically due to unhealthy changes in lifestyle. The aim of this study was to provide some basic information about the incidence, prevention and treatment of obesity in childhood. Special emphasis was placed on physical activity and a description of spa therapy for obese children in Spa Bludov which...

Comparison of physical activity between Olomouc and Beijing university students using an international physical activity questionnaire

Yan Zhao, Erik Sigmund, Dagmar Sigmundová, Yan Lu

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(4): 107-114

Regular physical activity (PA) reduces the risk of morbidity and mortality from a number of chronic diseases; however, the PA of a majority of adults does not meet minimal health related recommendations. University students' PA patterns had carryover effects on PA in their adulthood. The purpose of this study was to identify the differences in physical activity (PA) between Olomouc and Beijing university students. Methods - the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, which is long and in a self-administered format, was used to test the PA of Olomouc students (n = 482, 291 females and 191 males) and Beijing university students (n = 199, 84 females...