Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 2007 (vol. 37), issue 3
The Olympic Games as a cultural event
Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(3): 7-13
The Olympic Games have become a multi sport event, which entertains not only athletes from different countries, but a world wide audience numbering millions. They therefore exceed any other sports or cultural event when it comes to matters of public interest. Deriving from the initiative of a few countries and a small number of athletes, a historically significant phenomenon of the civilization of today has developed, each time with a designated location, its own competitors, propositions and rules. The Olympic Games represent the ideology of different peoples in one place, the ideology of religions, customs, traditions, languages, or cultures in general....
Subsidization policy in sports and physical training in the Czech Republic
Vladimír Hobza, Radek Cikl
Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(3): 15-20
Considering the positive externalities and classical meaning of the term physical culture, sports belong among the spheres of life traditionally supported in the Czech Republic. Conceptual issues of the differentiated support of sports and physical training at various state administrative and municipal government levels are, at the present time, connected with a change in the state's allocation policy, i. e. from a centralized to a decentralized one. The activities of these important institutions, represented by the state, regional authorities and municipalities, should be coordinated in the area of subsidization policy in order to avoid social cost...
Attitudes of students in sport education to the sport activity of blind people in Hungary and possible reasons for them
Péter Osváth, Katalin Kälbli, Gábor Ramocsa
Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(3): 21-26
The very low participation of blind people in sport is fundamentally caused by the inappropriate knowledge of experts on disabled - specific areas of sport. Sport coaches and 582 students learning to be PE teachers were asked about their knowledge and ideas of sport for individuals with disabilities, mainly for blind people. Research has proved that good intentions of PE teachers and coaches taking part in disabled sport are basically not missing, thus the main barrier is the lack of topics regarding sport for handicapped people in the curriculum of their studies. Janečka, Kudláček and Válková (2003) have emphasized the basic need of specially prepared...
The rhythm of movement during aquarobic classes
Alicja Nowaczyk Chałupka, Dorota Różańska, Elżbieta Rostkowska
Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(3): 27-36
The rhythm of movement which is a component of co-ordination motor abilities, present in practically every movement, is a little researched property. Previous studies on the rhythm of movement in humans have always focused on the abilities of motor performance of rhythm by the subjects. They did not explain the mechanism of this performance. The aim of this study is to present a wide, parametric description of behaviour related to the rhythm of movement, with changes to this behaviour taking place during rhythmic exercise classes. The rhythm of movement of 35 women in aquarobic classes was studied. The classes consisted of 52 exercises the performance...
Somatometric characteristics of high jumpers
Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(3): 37-47
The significance of somatic prerequisites for the high jump is evident. In the course of our evaluation, a significant dependence of the physique on performance was confirmed with all the groups of female and male high jumpers having high average performances, which were measured over the period from 1983 to 2005. All these groups were characterized by relatively large homogeneity in most somatic indicators. The measurements we use as a base in the following parts of this paper were carried out over the course of more than two decades. They include single cross-section examinations of the groups of female and male high jumpers (n = 117) as well as...
A test of manipulation functions using the constructional set "Ministav" in physiotherapy and the verification of its reliability
Jana Vyskotová, František Vaverka
Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(3): 49-56
The main goal of the study was to analyse the reliability of the "Test of manipulation functions" using the constructional set Ministav. This newly carried out test is designed to test the impaired manipulation functions of the hand. The number of healthy subjects tested was 417, which was further divided into four groups according to age. The tested subjects performed 17 subtests in three trials. The outcome score is an average of these three trials. The tested criterion was the time necessary to perform each subtest. To assess the reliability of the new test, a correlation analysis using the Pearson correlation coefficient was applied. The values...
The impairments of sensorimotor hand functions in stroke patients - the comparison of the results of a clinical assessment and the assessment utilizing the standard tests (a case study)
Kateřina Macháčková, Jana Vyskotová, Jaroslav Opavský, Hana Sochorová
Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(3): 57-67
The impairments of sensorimotor hand functions after a stroke have a negative impact on the subject's interaction with external settings and on performing common daily and working activities and thus on the quality of his or her life (Carey, 1995). Since the structure and function of the cerebral cortex is capable of after stroke modifications, new therapies are being looked for that support the desirable plasticity of the central nervous system to the maximum. The main condition for a successful treatment is a reliable target focused examination of all hand functions affected by the stroke. This requires both a differentiated and complex examination....
Physiological anaerobic characteristics of Slovenian elite table tennis players
Miran Kondrič, Radoje Milić, Gordana Furjan-Mandić
Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(3): 69-78
The aim of this research was to analyze the anaerobic characteristics of Slovenian elite table tennis male and female players. A total of 8 subjects were divided into two groups. The first group consisted of the four best Slovenian female players while the second group consisted of the four best Slovenian male players. For measurements we used Wingate test (WAnT). WAnT requires pedaling for 30 s at maximal speed against a constant force setting to yield the highest mean and peak power. We used the original recommended equation for force settings (0.075 kp.kg-1 bw, a force equivalent to a level of mechanical work of 4.41 J rev.-1 kilogram-1 bw) on the...