Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 2007 (vol. 37), issue 1

Inclusion in experiential education as a strategy for working with differentness

Ivo Jirásek, Martin Kudláček

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(1): 7-12

This paper focuses on the concept of differentness and the unique needs of persons with disabilities and the ways how this concept can be used in the educational environment. At first we focus on the general concepts of differentness and equal opportunities from the perspectives of the Olympic ideals of amateurism and from the point of view of the International classification of functioning and disability of WHO (2001). Later we discuss the meaning of the term inclusion from the historical perspective and from the point of view of the theoretical approach of two central/eastern European authors (Jesenský, 1998; Vítková, 1999). Finally we explore the...

Components of attitudes toward inclusion of students with physical disabilities in physical education in the revised "ATIPDPE-R" instrument/scale for prospective Czech educators

Martin Kudláček

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(1): 13-18

The purpose of the study was to examine the structure of the revised attitudinal scale of the ATIPDPE-R, an instrument based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) of Ajzen (2000). Participants were 214 prospective educators (155 females and 59 males) of an average age of 21.83 years enrolled in physical education teacher preparation programs at four universities, in one adapted physical education program, one special education program and one general education program in the Czech Republic. Based on analysis, the attitudinal scale of ATIPDPE-R measures III psychological properties (components). Three components, which come from principal component...

Motor skills assessment and early intervention for preschoolers with mental and developmental disorders (case studies)

Agapi Samouilidou, Hana Válková

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(1): 19-30

The purpose of the present study was to assess the motor skills performance of preschoolers with mental and developmental disorders and to propose individualized intervention programs. Participants included 6 children, 5 boys and 1 girl, 48 to 79 months old, who were attending the same special kindergarten. Both quantitative and qualitative aspects of their performance were examined. With regards to quantitative examination, participants were measured using the following test - the movement assessment battery for children (Henderson & Sugden, 1992). Meanwhile qualitative results were obtained through personal observation. Finally a motor skill...

Knee extensor muscles' torque during isometric exercises and russian electrical stimulation following a knee ligament injury

Maciej Płaszewski

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(1): 31-36

Voluntary isometric exercise (VOL) and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) are both methods of static muscle strength and girth training. They are applied in strength training programs to healthy muscle as well as for muscle function recovery under certain orthopaedic conditions. Both methods are used to retard muscle atrophy and strength loss resulting from post injury knee immobilization (Eriksson & Häggmark, 1979; Ingemann-Hansen & Halkjær-Kristensen, 1985; Johnson, 1988; Wigerstad-Lossing, Tromby, Jonsson, Morelli, Peterson, & Rentröm, 1988). NMES can elicit twitch or tetanic muscle contractions, determined by current...

Correlation between the length of the ski track and the velocity of top slalom skiers

Milan Žvan, Blaž Lešnik

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(1): 37-44

Theoretically, the shortest possible line of skiing (ski track) is the best one. But in practice it is very difficult to carry this out and besides it is very risky. It can therefore be only a part of the tactics of the best competitors. With the help of a kinematic analysis, differences in the choice of a line of skiing between individual competitors were established based on a sample of top competitors in the World Cup in Kranjska Gora. We tried to establish whether the competitors achieved higher velocities with such a line of skiing, thus achieving faster sliding among the slalom gates and in the end a better time. In the first part of our research...

Development of a skills observation protocol for sledge ice hockey - pilot study

Emma Beckman, Martin Kudláček, Yves Vanlandewijck

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(1): 45-50

Over the past few years opportunities have been increasing for individuals with physical disabilities to become involved in physical activities; hence there is a recognition of the importance of mastering sport skills before participation. Currently there is little research that has been performed on the increasingly popular sport of sledge hockey. A major component of performance is skill analysis. Having recognised its importance and the current unavailability of relevant research in the area, this study used video recordings of the Torino 2006 Paralympic sledge ice hockey tournament to provide a setting in which to produce a skill observation protocol...

Functional and dynamic asymmetry in youth aged 14 and 16 years (comparative research)

Marta Wieczorek, Artur Hradzki

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(1): 51-61

This research purpose is an evaluation of the degree of lateralization in 14 year old youth and a comparison of the obtained results with the results of the research carried out in the same group of youth two years later (16 year olds). Effective identification of the level of lateralization is extremely significant for the practice of didactic and educational work, and it is becoming one of the priorities in the fight against difficulties in learning and eliminating developmental dysfunctions. Knowing that lateralization is a characteristic of human development, getting to know its state and determinants may be one of the basic conditions of an effective...

Heart rate as an indicator of sport climbing intensity

Stojan Burnik, Blaž Jereb

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2007 37(1): 63-66

The objective of our research project was to introduce heart rate during sport climbing as one of the possible indicators of climbing intensity. For the purpose of our research, 11 sport climbers climbed three routes of varying grades of difficulty. The heart rate of the climbers was measured and climbing intensity was calculated. It was shown that, in spite of high local climbing intensity, general climbing intensity was rather low. Analysing the results, we wondered if the measured values actually reflected increased intensity or if they were a sign of some other phenomenon that was not monitored. Changes in heart rate during sport climbing can appear...