Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 2006 (vol. 36), issue 3

Analysis of newspaper reports on sporting events from the aspect of gender inequality

Tina Lavrinc, Mojca Doupona Topič

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2006 36(3): 7-12

The aim of our research was to establish how Slovene media report on sporting events. We were especially interested if there is a prevalence of reports about male athletes, and if there are differences in manner, amount and style of reporting between the articles about male and female athletes. We analysed two daily newspapers and compared the size, the number of articles, and the photographs. We have classified the articles into three groups; articles about male athletes, articles about female athletes and articles about both. We took a closer look at the style of writing. The photographs also play an important role. Therefore, we also compared the...

Preparation for war and sports in the Kingdom of Castile (Spain) during the 15th century - a specific study of the city of Seville

Gonzalo Ramírez Macías

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2006 36(3): 13-20

The main purpose of this research is to know and characterize the sports that were practised with the purpose of preparing the participants for war, during the XVth Century in Castilian Spain and especially Seville (one of the most prosperous Castilian capitals at that time). The first part of this research is devoted to its justification and basis, whereas the second part puts forward the research methodology suggested, which has a new nature within the history of Sports. Thirdly, the results obtained in the research are presented and analysed. Finally, the research conclusions are expounded, which are based on its result and on other contributions...

Comparison of assessments of parents' and coaches' behaviour by male and female tennis players of different ages

Aleš Filipčič, Tjaša Filipčič

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2006 36(3): 21-28

Tennis is clearly one of those sports games where success is influenced by one's psychological abilities. Throughout their sports careers tennis players are usually exposed to psychological pressure. The aim of the study was to investigate how young tennis players assess the behaviour (psychological pressure) and activity of their mother, father and tennis coach. The sample included 96 male and 96 female players distributed in three age categories who filled in three questionnaires of the closed type. Data were processed in accordance with the research goals. Descriptive statistics parameters were calculated for all variables by gender: mean value,...

The physical activity and mental health relationship - a contemporary perspective from qualitative research

Diane Crone, Andy Smith, Brendan Gough

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2006 36(3): 29-35

There is a known positive relationship between physical activity and mental health, and in the treatment and maintenance of mental illness. Despite this relationship however, there still remains a lack of consensus on the mechanism responsible for the relationship. This paper explores the physical activity and mental health relationship by reviewing and critiquing the biochemical, physiological and psychological mechanisms proposed to explain this phenomenon. Through this review it becomes apparent that although there are varied explanations proposed, there is little agreement except that the relationship is complex and the responsible mechanism(s)...

An attempt at the characterisation of the development of modern sports gymnastics

Mariusz Zasada

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2006 36(3): 37-42

The scientific verification, the synthesis and the analysis of practical as well as theoretical information provide us with a basis for assessing and formulating a number of factors which influence the development of sports gymnastics. The aim of the article is an attempt at characterising the development of modern sports gymnastics. The following conclusions result from theoretical analysis of the literature which has been available for the last few years, the analysis of the training process of Ukrainian and Russian gymnasts, as well as my own experience gained both as a trainer and a competitor and a long-term researcher interested in our leading...

The effects of recreational activities with volleyball and swimming contents on the anthropometric characteristics and functional abilities of students

Toplica Stojanović, Miloš Nikolić, Joško Milenkoski

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2006 36(3): 43-53

The basic aim of this experimental research was to study the effectiveness of recreational programs with volleyball and swimming contents. It was carried out on a sample of 368 male students of the University of Niš, which were divided into 3 sub-samples; 115 subjects were part of an experimental group which trained volleyball contents, 126 made up the experimental group which trained swimming contents and 127 were part of the control group. By using two different programs of recreational exercise in the training of the experimental groups, an increase in their functional abilities occurred, especially in the case of the experimental group which trained...

The secular trend in the somatic development and motoric performance of boys in the Olomouc region within the last 36 years

Miroslav Kopecký

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2006 36(3): 55-64

In his study, the author analyses the changes in somatic development and motoric performance of boys from 7 to 15 years of age in the Olomouc region within the last 36 years. The author found a positive functioning of the secular trend regarding body height. The present probands have significantly higher height but almost the same weight as the boys of the same age examined 36 years ago. In the monitoring of changes in motoric performance, the author found that the present probands achieve the same results in 50 m runs, in the standing long jump with legs together, in throwing the medicine ball and in pull-ups as the boys examined 36 years ago. In...

The correlation of sports activity and eating habits in preschool children and their parents

Mateja Videmšek, Vesna Pogelšek, Damir Karpljuk, Jože Štihec, Jera Zajec

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2006 36(3): 65-73

The aim of this research was to analyze sports activity and eating habits in preschool children and their parents. We were interested in the correlation between parents' and preschool childrens' eating habits and sports activity. A questionnaire consisting of 32 questions was used to interview 93 parents of three to five year old children from 3 Slovene kindergartens. The data was processed by the SPSS program, calculating the frequency and contingency tables. We have established that nutrition of the majority of preschool children is regular and proper; despite the fact that quite a few five year old girls and 3 year old boys have an increased BMI...