Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 2006 (vol. 36), issue 1

Correlation between sport activity and drug-taking among 14 year-old primary school male and female pupils in Slovenia

Mateja Videmšek, Maruša Skubic, Damir Karpljuk, Jože Štihec

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2006 36(1): 7-14

The aim of this research was to establish whether there is a correlation between sport activity and drug-taking among 14 year old pupils. This research is based on a questionnaire of 38 variables and the probability relations among the variables have been tested by the chi-square. Analysis has shown that 80% of male and 85% of female pupils practice sport in their leisure time. On average, they practice sport 2 to 3 times a week. The majority of male pupils practice sport competitively (39%), while female pupils primarily practice not officially organized recreational sports (48%). As for smoking, 4% of the male and 12% of the female pupils smoke,...

Nexus between manifest motor indicators and fluid intelligence in prepubertal boys

Jurij Planinšec

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2006 36(1): 15-22

The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between manifest motor indicators and the fluid intelligence of boys. The sample comprised 550 boys aged 10 to 14. A battery of 26 tests was used for measuring motor performance. Intelligence testing was implemented with the test TN-20. A multiple regression analysis indicated that association between motor variables and fluid intelligence exists. The closest connection was the one between fluid intelligence and motor tasks which demand the coordination of movement in rhythm and the speed of movement. The associations between motor performance and fluid intelligence were age dependent: in...

American adapted physical education in the first half of the 20th century

Martin Kudláček

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2006 36(1): 23-28

Adapted physical education in the U. S. has evolved from medical, corrective gymnastics. The original influence of Swedish gymnastics was passed on to American Universities via Hartwig Nissen (1855-1924), Nils Posse (1862-1895) and William Skarstrom (1896-1951). The first American leaders of corrective gymnastics were Lillian Curtis Drew and Louisa Lippitt. The corrective approach was the philosophy of physical education for students with special needs from the 1920 till the 1950. Leaders of APE in that era were Charles Lowman (1879-1977), George Stafford (1894-1968) and Josephine Rathbone (1899-1989). They very closely cooperated with physical therapists....

The effects of individually designed programs of physical training based on US army standards on motor abilities of Slovene armed forces personnel

Damir Karpljuk, Edvin Derviševič, Suzana Tkavc, Mare Novak, Maks Žitko, Mateja Videmšek, Vedran Hadžič, Franc Rožman

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2006 36(1): 29-37

Adequate physical readiness is a significant aspect of universal armed forces readiness and an integral part of military support. The aim of this research was to ascertain the effect of a training program, based on individually adapted intensity levels, on motor abilities of the Slovene armed forces (SV) personnel. The sample of subjects included 34 members of SV (16 in the experimental group - ES, and 18 in the control group - KS), aged between 35 and 40. Results have been processed by the SPSS 8.0 for Windows program. Data processing was carried out in several phases. First, the basic statistical characteristics and the distribution of individual...

2D miniplatform for measuring force at a computer key button

Luiz Carlos Gertz, Milton Antônio Zaro, Jefferson Fagundes Loss

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2006 36(1): 39-45

By the usage of computers, both at work and home, health problems due to typing started appear, mostly by the individual's posture, upper limbs repetitive movements, forces, etc. Several studies for understanding the causes for these health problems have been carried out since the early 90's. The main objective of this work is the development of a force platform to measure the finger's applied force at the keyboard during computer typing. This platform will be used in Biomechanics and Motor Control applications. It was designed and built in order to measure vertical force Fz (z direction), horizontal force Fx (x direction) and transversal force Fy...

Profiles of intensity loads in physical education classes in Poland

Michał Bronikowski

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2006 36(1): 47-57

The aim of the research was to compare the health-related effectiveness of various types of physical education lessons on the cardio-respiratory system. The research was carried out in the years 2002 and 2003 in two junior high schools in Poznań. There were four types of classes examined: outdoor athletics, volleyball, basketball and fun games, each type lasting 45 minutes. Heart rates of two randomly selected pupils aged 15-16 were recorded during class, with the use of Polar heart rate monitors. According to the findings of a cross-national study, Polish youth do not have enough moderate-to-vigorous activity on a daily basis (Cabak & Woynarowska,...

Factor analysis of anthropometric characteristics in young swimmers aged 11 and 12

Bozena Ostrowska, Jaroslaw Domaradzki, Zofia Ignasiak

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2006 36(1): 59-68

The aim of this study was to describe the set of somatic characteristics, which significantly discriminate young swimmers. The factor analysis let us reduce the number of somatic traits mostly correlated and to calculate the main structural factors typical for young swimmers. There were 80 pupils (11 and 12 years old) from the primary sport school in Wroclaw recruited for the study. The participants selected for the study had been involved in swimming for 2-3 years. On average their training time was 12 to 18 hours per week. The following parameters were established: body height and weight, upper and lower extremities' length, circumferences of: the...

Perception of colours by mentally-handicapped pupils

Vlastimila Karásková, Olga Krejčířová

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2006 36(1): 69-74

The following article attempts to utilize general knowledge of colours in the sphere of physical culture and applies it to physical education in special schools. It is based on the precondition that education of mentally-handicapped pupils should proceed under conditions evoking pleasurable feelings in them. And such conditions also include colours. The article presents the results of an examination of colour preference in probands with slight to moderate mental handicaps. The results show that probands with a slight mental handicap tend to be sensitive in relation to colours, even in their abstract form. They prefer blue, respectively green and red,...