Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 2005 (vol. 35), issue 2

The humanization of the help offered to the disabled

Stanisław Kowalik

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2005 35(2): 7-12

Modern development of rehabilitation is guided by humanistic ideas. The problem is that many specialists cannot define the term "humanism" itself.This article analyses the concept in terms of its application in the rehabilitation practice. Two aspects of humanism are distinguished. The first one refers to the perception of the disabled and the other concerns humanization of the rehabilitation process.

Differences in personality traits of mountain climbers and non-athletes in Slovenia

Stojan Burnik, Snežana Jug, Tanja Kajtna, Matej Tušak

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2005 35(2): 13-18

Psychology of personality in sport is very interesting about the specific psychological profile of elite athletes. Our research was oriented in personality of mountain climbers. Mountain climbing is a very specific sport discipline. Although it is hard to talk about classic competition in mountain climbing, it gets more and more the reference of sport. New possibilities of competition also appear. However, mountain climbing still remains a different discipline. One of the most important characteristic is the stress, since mistakes can be lethal. In our work we investigated personality traits of Slovene mountain climbers.

Social and relational interactions in different types of PE lessons during student teachers' practice teaching

Josef Mitáš, Karel Frömel

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2005 35(2): 19-25

The main goal of the study was to analyze social and relational characteristics of student PE teachers' practice teaching. The results should be used to increase the quality of pre-professional PE teachers' preparation from the interaction point of view and should allow the effective transfer of theoretical knowledge into school practice. The experiment included evaluations of student teachers from seven PE colleges in the Czech Republic and in Poland. The analysis was focused on the difference between habitual and progressive PE lessons evaluation. All mainc haracteristics of education were observed. Special emphasis was placed on social and relational...

Qualitative analysis of opinions, conditions and educational environment in relation to physical behaviour of adolescents

Dagmar Sigmundová, Karel Frömel, Dana Havlíková, Jiřina Janečková

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2005 35(2): 27-33

The aim of this study was to find and describe the possible causes of the interest, or lack of interest in adolescents in physical activity and physical education with use of qualitative analysis and to contribute to explication of other characteristics of physical behaviour. Further then to characterise "risky" behaviour of adolescents. Adolescents' opinions, the level of conditions and educational environment were gathered through semi-structured interviews and their following qualitative analysis with use of a paradigmatic model of axial coding of basic proven theory. Altogether 27 interviews with students from graduation classes were carried out...

The influence of tennis motor abilities and anthropometric measures on the competition successfulness of 11 and 12 year-old female tennis players

Aleš Filipčič, Tjaša Filipčič

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2005 35(2): 35-41

A sample of 75 young female tennis players, aged 11 and 12, was included in a research project aimed at establishing the influence of selected anthropometric measures and tennis motor abilities on the competition successfulness of young tennis players. The selected tennis motor variables include: the muscular power of arms and shoulders, elastic power of the legs, repetitive strength of the trunk, speed of movement, speed of alternative movements with the arm, flexibility of the back, agility, and hand-eye coordination. The results of regression analysis of anthropometric measures reveal a statistically significant connection with the criterion variable...

Training in high altitude environments and its influence on the changes in selected physiological indicators of a Slovak Republic representative in walking

Ivan Čillík, Martin Pupiš

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2005 35(2): 43-49

Middle and high altitude preparation is a longterm part of the preparation of our Slovak race walking representatives. Martin Pupiš is one of those athletes whose regularly makes use of this system. In our paper we report his preparation at four high altitude camps, in preparation phases in the years 1998/99-2001/02. The period of the year when the camps took place were very similar. Also the duration was from 26 days to 36 days. The average amount of racewalking and running was, for one day, approximately the same during all four camps. The proportion of race walking in kilometres increased from 70% to 80%. The proportion of walking zones changed...

Research on the effects of resistance training on the special strength of judoists

Milovan Bratić, Mirsad Nurkić, Goran Kasum

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2005 35(2): 51-57

The physical fitness of athletes holds a significant place in achieving results in competitions in all areas of sport. Apart from the inexhaustible multitude of technical elements that judo possesses, the improvement of physical and functional abilities is a good basis for achieving top results. It is usual that the condition training of judoists is planned to incorporate three main phases, each of which is characterized by its own special dynamic: - phase one consists of the work involved in a training program which is aimed at the development of the so-called basic foundations (strength and endurance), which take up a great part of general many-sided...

Physical activity of youth: Evaluation guidelines from the viewpoint of health support

Erik Sigmund, Karel Frömel, Filip Neuls

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2005 35(2): 59-68

The main goal of this study is to develop guidelines for physical activity (PA hereafter) evaluation from the viewpoint of health support in Czech youth, based on 6 years of monitoring of PA with accelerometers and pedometers. For the guidelines proposal we used data from weekly triangular monitoring of PA (accelerometer Caltrac × pedometer Omron × individual logs = energy expenditure × steps × FITT characteristics of PA) in 1504 females and 1163 males aged 6 to 23. We expressed the guidelines by the means of relative values of active energy expenditure (kcal.kg-1.day-1) which enabled us to compare somatic different groups of females and males of different...

Analysis of morphology of foot in Moravian male and female students in the age Infans 2 and Juvenis

Jarmila Riegerová, Miroslava Žeravová, Michaela Peštuková

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2005 35(2): 69-74

Morphological foot type, foot index for longitudinal foot vault, misalignment of the big and little toes, heel angle and lower limb muscles condition were monitored in 106 male students and 162 female students from the Gymnasium school in Šternberk and the Integrated secondary school in Ostrava ranging in age from 12 to 18 years. A considerably higher frequency of Egyptian foot incidence was noted in both girls and boys (71.69% and 70.99% respectively). The quadratic foot was found in boys in a very small percentage (2.83%) with particular individual asymmetry; it was not discovered in girls. Flatfoot diagnosis by means of the Chippaux-Šmiřák method...

Child's foot morphology

Miroslava Přidalová, Jarmila Riegerová

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2005 35(2): 75-86

The study describes the foot morphology as a basal element of supporting-movement system. Foot morphology was observed in 263 boys and 248 girls of pre-school and primary school age. Longitudinal foot vault was evaluated by Plantographic method by index method and processed by "Foot" software; the big toe and little toe axis in the sense of valgozity and varozity, the size of foot angle. Statistically significant differences were evaluated by means of Wilcoxon, Mann-Whitney tests, Scheffe test and chí-quadrate test (Statistica, vers. 6). The state of longitudinal foot vault appeared as relatively satisfactory. The normal foot of I. and II. degree was...

Catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation and spectral analysis of heart rate variability

Eva Vlčková, Pavel Stejskal, Martin Fiala, Aleš Jakubec, Iva Řehová, Filip Pavlík, Michal Botek, Esseid Gaddur

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2005 35(2): 87-93

The results of a short term recording of spectral analysis (SA) of heart rate variability (HRV) in 22 patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (aged 53.69 ± 11.95; 20 male and 2 female) in whom circumferential catheter ablation (CA) was done are presented in this article. Measurement was done in the morning before CA and one day after CA. A standard orthoclinostatic test in three positions (supine-standing-supine) was used. The influence of catheter ablation on SA HRV was identified by standard and complex parameters (Stejskal, Šlachta, Elfmark, Salinger, &Gaul-Aláčová, 2002). After CA, heart rate increased and almost all individual...

Measurement of breathing frequency from ECG in the examination of autonomous nervous system activities: Suggested methods and their verification

Jiří Salinger, Petr Štěpaník, Petr Kolisko, Pavel Stejskal, Šárka Theuerová, Milan Elfmark, Simona Gwozdziewiczová, Jakub Krejčí

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2005 35(2): 95-103

From a wide range of methods pertaining to breathing frequency measurement we opted for the less frequent method of breathing frequency diagnosis originating from the assessment of changes in ECG signal parameters pursuant to changes in thoracic volume during expiration and inspiration. The principal reason for selecting this method was in the fact that in the assessment of autonomous nervous system (ANS) activity the ECG signal is monitored and this can also be used for diagnosing breathing frequency. Changes in ECG signal parameters were analysed by the method of spectral analysis of heart rate frequency (BFrr), the method of spectral analysis of...

Determination of diferences in runs between boys and girls aged 5.5

Mateja Videmšek, Jože Štihec, Damir Karpljuk

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2005 35(2): 105-111

The aim of this research is to determine whether there are distinctions in runs among five and a half year old boys and girls. The research is based on studying 80 girls and 64 boys from seven kindergartens in Slovenia. The following five measurement methods have been used in our research: a 10-meter run, a 150-meter run, a 10-meter run with a flying start, 4-times 5-meter run, and a 300-meter run. The results of the t-test indicate a statistically characteristic difference among boys and girls in 300 m run test results only, that is, a method used for measuring aerobic endurance. Other motor skills results have shown that there are no statistically...

An analysis of the forward stroke as used in a wild water kayak on flat waters

Miroslav Janura, Jiří Kratochvíl, Michal Lehnert, František Vaverka

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2005 35(2): 113-117

The forward stroke is one of the basic motion activities that are typically used for canoeing in white water. Kinematic analysis (4 women, 5 men; junior representatives and talented competitors) of records from three cameras was used. The movement of the kayak was carried out with maximal velocity. General parameters of the stroke on the left and right side of the kayak were determined utilizing the APAS system. Lower velocity losses in the catch and pull phase of the paddle, a shorter time of the pull phase, higher frequency of the strokes are typical for kayakers with better levels of efficiency. The movement of the right and left wrist of these...

Various age category - related differences in the volume and intensity of the large-scale cyclic movements of male players in team handball

Primož Pori, Stanislav Kovačič, Marta Bon, Maja Dolenec, Marko Šibila

Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Gymn. 2005 35(2): 119-126

The aim of this study was to identify differences in the volume and intensity of large-scale cyclic movement activities performed by handball players of three age categories - cadet men (aged between 15 and 17 years), junior men (aged between 17 and 20 years) and senior men (aged 20 years or over). For this purpose six experimental model matches (2 × 20 min), played by the Slovenian male handball teams, were analyzed. The sample consisted of 84 players of twelve teams (average age 20.26 ± 4.28 yrs; average height 182.51 ± 6.59 cm; average body mass 80.61 ± 10.37 kg) and was divided into three sub-samples by age (cadet men, junior...